Muhammad's Violence, Intolerance, Hate, and Racism

*Unless otherwise noted, all quotes from the Hadith are from Dar-us-Salam Publishers, a publishing house founded in 1986 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. All numbers in parentheses are the Dar-us-Salam number. Behind the quotes from the Quran there will be a set of parenthesis that will indicate which translation was used for that quote. Some of the Hadith will contain one of 4 ratings: Sahih (sound), Hasan (good), Da'if (weak), and Maudu' (Fabricated). These ratings are supposed to indicate the authenticity of the Hadith, and the ratings used are the ratings that are published by Dar-us-Salam Publishers. In Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, which are considered the most authentic Hadith collections, there are no individual Hadith ratings. The reason for this is because all of the Hadiths in these two sets are Sahih, as the titles of these sets (Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim) demonstrate. Therefore, all of the Hadiths found in Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim are considered to be reliable and sound by Muslim scholars.*

 

 

Muhammad Was Extremely Violent and Intolerant:

 

Muhammad was a terrorist. He said he was made victorious with terror: Sahih Al-Bukhari 52:220 (2977).

 

"Narrated Abu Hurairah: Allah's Messenger said, "I have been sent with the shortest expressions bearing the widest meanings, and I have been made victorious with terror (cast in the hearts of the enemy), and while I was sleeping, the keys of the treasures of the world were brought to me and put in my hand." Abu Hurairah added: Allah's Messenger has left the world; and now you people are bringing out those treasures (i.e., the Prophet did not benefit by them)." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 2977)

 

 

 

 

He said Allah will cast terror into the hearts of the unbelievers: Surah 3:151.

 

"We will cast into the hearts of the unbelievers terror, for that they have associated with God that for which He sent down never authority; their lodging shall be the Fire; evil is the lodging of the evildoers." (Surah 3:151. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"We shall cast terror into the hearts of those who disbelieve because they ascribe unto Allah partners, for which no warrant hath been revealed. Their habitation is the Fire, and hapless the abode of the wrong-doers." (Surah 3:151. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He led an attack on unarmed Jews: Sahih Al-Bukhari 11:584 (610).

 

"Narrated Anas bin Malik: "Whenever the Prophet went out with us to fight (in Allah's Cause) against any nation, he never allowed us to attack till morning and he would wait and see. If he heard Adhan he would postpone the attack, and if he did not hear Adhan he would attack them." Anas added, "We reached Khaibar at night and in the morning when he did not hear the Adhan for the prayer, he (the Prophet rode and I rode behind Abi Talha and my foot was touching that of the Prophet.

        "The inhabitants of Khaibar came out with their baskets and spades and when they saw the Prophet they shouted 'Muhammad! By Allah, Muhammad and his army.' When Allah's Messenger saw them, he said, 'Allahu Akbar! Allahu Akbar! Khaibar is ruined. Whenever we approach a (hostile) nation (to fight), then evil will be the morning of those who have been warned."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 610)

 

 

 

 

He attacked a tribe without warning: Sahih Al-Bukhari 46:717 (2541).

 

"Narrated Ibn 'Aun: I wrote a letter to Nafi', and Nafi' wrote in reply to my letter that the Prophet had (suddenly) attacked Bani Mustaliq (without warning while they were heedless) and their cattle were being watered at the places of water. Their fighting men were killed and their women and children were taken as captives; the Prophet got Juwairiya on that day. Nafi' said that Ibn 'Umar had told him the above narration and that Ibn 'Umar was in that army." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 2541)

 

 

 

 

His first major battle was the Battle of Badr, an offensive attack against a Meccan Caravan: Sahih Al-Bukhari 59:287 (3951); Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 289.

 

"Narrated Ka'b bin Malik: I never failed to join Allah's Messenger in any of his Ghazawat except in the Ghazwa of Tabuk. However, I did not take part in the Ghazwa of Badr, but none who failed to take part in it was blamed, for Allah's Messenger had gone out to meet the caravans of Quraish, but Allah caused them (i.e., Muslims) to meet their enemy unexpectedly (with no previous intention)." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 3951)

 

"Then the apostle heard that Abu Sufyan b. Harb was coming from Syria with a large caravan of Quraysh, containing their money and merchandise, accompanied by some thirty or forty men, of whom were Makhrana b. Naufel b. Uhayb b. 'Abdu Manaf b. Zuhra, and 'Amr b. al-'As b. Wa'il b. Hisham.

        Muhammad b. Muslim al-Zuhri Asim b. Umar b. Qatada and 'Abdullah b. Abu Bakr and Yazid b. Ruman from Urwa b. al-Zubayr, and other scholars of ours from Ibn 'Abbas, each one of them told me some of this story and their account is collected in what I have drawn up of the story of Badr. They said that when the apostle heard about Abu Sufyan coming from Syria, he summoned the Muslims and said, 'this is the Quraysh caravan containing their property. Go out to attack it, perhaps God will give it as a prey.' The people answered his summons, some eagerly, others reluctantly because they had not thought that the apostle would go to war. When he got near to the Hijaz, Abu Sufyan was seeking news, and questioning every rider in his anxiety, until he got news from some riders that Muhammad had called out his companions against him and his caravan. He took alarm at that and hired Damdam b. 'Amr al-Ghifari and sent him to Mecca, ordering him to call out Quraysh in defense of their property, and to tell them that Muhammad was living in wait for it with his companions. So Damdam left for Mecca at full speed." (Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 289)

 

 

 

 

He commanded his followers to fight and kill the unbelievers: Surah 2:191, 216, 244, 8:39, 9:5, 29, 73, 66:9; Sahih Al-Bukhari 2:24 (25).

 

"And slay them wherever you come upon them, and expel them from where they expelled you; persecution is more grievous than slaying. But fight them not by the Holy Mosque until they should fight you there; then, if they fight you, slay them -- such is the recompense of unbelievers." (Surah 2:191. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"And slay them wherever ye find them, and drive them out of the places whence they drove you out, for persecution is worse than slaughter. And fight not with them at the Inviolable Place of Worship until they first attack you there, but if they attack you (there) then slay them. Such is the reward of disbelievers." (Surah 2:191. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Prescribed for you is fighting, though it be hateful to you. Yet it may happen that you will hate a thing which is better for you; and it may happen that you will love a thing which is worse for you; God knows, and you know not." (Surah 2:216. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you; but it may happen that ye hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for you. Allah knoweth, ye know not." (Surah 2:216. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"So fight in God's way, and know that God is All-hearing, All-knowing." (Surah 2:244. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Fight in the way of Allah, and know that Allah is Hearer, Knower." (Surah 2:244. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Fight them, till there is no persecution and the religion is God's entirely; then if they give over, surely God sees the things they do." (Surah 8:39. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is all for Allah. But if they cease, then lo! Allah is Seer of what they do." (Surah 8:39. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Then, when the sacred months are drawn away, slay the idolaters wherever you find them, and take them, and confine them, and lie in wait for them at every place of ambush. But if they repent, and perform the prayer, and pay the alms, then let them go their way; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate." (Surah 9:5. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Then, when the sacred months have passed, slay the idolaters wherever ye find them, and take them (captive), and besiege them, and prepare for them each ambush. But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then leave their way free. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful." (Surah 9:5. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Fight those who believe not in God and the Last Day and do not forbid what God and His Messenger have forbidden -- such men as practise not the religion of truth, being of those who have been given the Book -- until they pay the tribute out of hand and have been humbled." (Surah 9:29. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Fight against such of those who have been given the Scripture as believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, and forbid not that which Allah hath forbidden by His messenger, and follow not the Religion of Truth, until they pay the tribute readily, being brought low." (Surah 9:29. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"O Prophet, struggle with the unbelievers and hypocrites, and be thou harsh with them; their refuge is Gehenna -- an evil homecoming!" (Surah 9:73. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"O Prophet! Strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites! Be harsh with them. Their ultimate abode is hell, a hapless journey's end." (Surah 9:73. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"O Prophet, struggle with the unbelievers and the hypocrites, and be thou harsh with them; their refuge shall be Gehenna -- an evil homecoming!" (Surah 66:9. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"O Prophet! Strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be stern with them. Hell will be their home, a hapless journey's end." (Surah 66:9. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Allah's Messenger said: "I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight against the people till they testify that La ilaha illallah, wa anna Muhammad-ar-Rasul-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah), and perform As-Salat [Iqamat-as-Salat (prayers)] and give Zakat so if they perform all that, then they save their lives and properties from me except for Islamic laws, and their reckoning (accounts) will be with (done by) Allah."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 25)

 

 

 

 

He praised jihad: Surah 47:4-6; Sahih Muslim 1:149 (250); 20:4645 (4879).

 

"When you meet the unbelievers, smite their necks, then, when you have made wide slaughter among them, tie fast the bonds; then set them free, either by grace or ransom, till the war lays down its loads. So it shall be; and if God had willed, He would have avenged Himself upon them; but that He may try some of you by means of others. And those who are slain in the way of God, He will not send their works astray. He will guide them, and dispose their minds aright, and He will admit them to Paradise, that He has made known to them." (Surah 47:4-6. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Now when ye meet in battle those who disbelieve, then it is smiting of the necks until, when ye have routed them, then making fast of bonds; and afterward either grace or ransom till the war lay down its burdens. That (is the ordinance). And if Allah willed He could have punished them (without you) but (thus it is ordained) that He may try some of you by means of others. And those who are slain in the way of Allah, He rendereth not their actions vain. He will guide them and improve their state, And bring them in unto the Garden which He hath made known to them." (Surah 47:4-6. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"It was narrated that Abu Dharr said: "I said: 'O Messenger of Allah, which deed is best?' He said: 'Faith in Allah and Jihad in His cause.' I said: 'Which slaves are the best (to set free)'?' He said: 'Those who are most valuable to their masters and whose price is the highest.' I said: 'What if I cannot do that?' He said: 'Then help the one who is skilled, or do something for the one who is unskilled.' I said: 'O Messenger of Allah, what do you think if I am unable to do any good deeds?' He said: 'Refrain from doing evil to people, for that is an act of charity on your part."" (Sahih Muslim 250)

 

"It was narrated from Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allah said: "O Abu Sa'eed, whoever is content with Allah as his Lord, Islam as his religion and Muhammad as his Prophet, Paradise is guaranteed for him." Abu Sa'eed wondered at that, and said: "Say it to me again, O Messenger of Allah." He did that, then he said: "And there is something else by means of which a person will be raised one hundred levels in Paradise, and the distance between each two levels is like the distance between heaven and earth." He said: "What is it, O Messenger of Allah?" He said: "Jihad in the cause of Allah, Jihad in the cause of Allah."" (Sahih Muslim 4879)

 

 

 

 

He said jihad is the best deed: Sahih Muslim 1:149 (250).

 

"It was narrated that Abu Dharr said: "I said: 'O Messenger of Allah, which deed is best?' He said: 'Faith in Allah and Jihad in His cause.' I said: 'Which slaves are the best (to set free)'?' He said: 'Those who are most valuable to their masters and whose price is the highest.' I said: 'What if I cannot do that?' He said: 'Then help the one who is skilled, or do something for the one who is unskilled.' I said: 'O Messenger of Allah, what do you think if I am unable to do any good deeds?' He said: 'Refrain from doing evil to people, for that is an act of charity on your part."" (Sahih Muslim 250)

 

 

 

 

Muhammad guaranteed paradise for Muslims who are martyred during jihad: Sahih Al-Bukhari 2:35 (36), 52:46 (2787), 53:352 (3123), 93:549 (7457), 93:555 (7463).

 

"Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Prophet said, "Allah assigns for a person who participates in (holy battles) in Allah's Cause and nothing causes him to do so except belief in Allah and in His Messengers, that he will be recompensed by Allah either with a reward, or booty (if he survives) or will be admitted to Paradise (if he is killed in the battle as a martyr)". The Prophet added: "Had I not found it difficult for my followers, then I would not remain behind any Sariva (an army-unit) going for Jihad and I would have loved to be martyred in Allah's Cause and then made alive, and then martyred and then made alive, and then again martyred in His Cause."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 36)

 

"Narrated Abu Hurairah: I heard Allah's Messenger saying, "The example of a Mujahid in Allah's Cause - and Allah knows better who really strives in His Cause - is like a person who observes Saum (fast) and offers Salat (prayer) continuously. Allah guarantees that He will admit the Mujahid in His Cause into Paradise if he is killed, otherwise He will return him to his home safely with rewards and war booty."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 2787)

 

"Narrated Abu Hurairah Allah's Messenger said, "Allah guarantees him who strives in His Cause and whose motivation for going out is nothing but Jihad in His Cause and belief in His Words (Islamic Monotheism) that He will admit him into Paradise (if martyred) or bring him back to his dwelling place, whence he has come out, with what he gains of reward or booty."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 3123)

 

"Narrated Abu Hurairah: Allah's Messenger said, "Allah guarantees to the person who carries out Jihad for His Cause, and nothing compelled him to go out but the Jihad in His Cause, and belief in His Words (i.e. in Allah's religion of Islamic Monotheism), that He will either admit him into Paradise (martyrdom) or return him, with his reward or the booty he has earned, to his residence from where he went out."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 7457)

 

"Narrated Abu Hurairah: Allah's Messenger said, "Allah guarantees (the person who carries out Jihad in His Cause, and nothing compelled him to go out but Jihad in His Cause and the belief in His Word (i.e. in Allah's religion of Islamic Monotheism) that He will either admit him into Paradise (martyrdom) or return him to his residence from where he started, with reward or booty he has earned."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 7463)

 

 

 

 

He said jihad would elevate one's position in paradise: Sahih Muslim 20:4645 (4879).

 

"It was narrated from Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri that the Messenger of Allah said: "O Abu Sa'eed, whoever is content with Allah as his Lord, Islam as his religion and Muhammad as his Prophet, Paradise is guaranteed for him." Abu Sa'eed wondered at that, and said: "Say it to me again, O Messenger of Allah." He did that, then he said: "And there is something else by means of which a person will be raised one hundred levels in Paradise, and the distance between each two levels is like the distance between heaven and earth." He said: "What is it, O Messenger of Allah?" He said: "Jihad in the cause of Allah, Jihad in the cause of Allah."" (Sahih Muslim 4879)

 

 

 

 

He said the best jihad is the one where blood is shed and the horse is wounded: Sunan Ibn Majah 2794 (Dar-is-Salam Reference).

 

"It was narrated that 'Amr bin 'Abasah said: "I came to the Prophet and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, which jihad best?' He said: '(That of a man) whose blood is shed and his horse is wounded."'" (Sahih) (Sunan Ibn Majah 2794)

 

 

 

 

He said those who died but did not fight for Allah nor expressed any desire for jihad died the death of a hypocrite: Sahih Muslim 20:4696 (4931).

 

"It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: "The Messenger of Allah said: 'Whoever dies without having fought (in Jihad) or having thought of fighting, has died as a type of hypocrite."

    Ibn Sahm said: "Abdullah bin Al-Mubarak said: 'We think that that applied at the time of the Messenger of Allah."" (Sahih Muslim 4931)

 

 

 

 

He said there is no deed that a Muslim can do that equals jihad: Sahih Al-Bukhari 52:44 (2785).

 

"Narrated Abu Hurairah: A man came to Allah's Messenger and said, "Guide me to such a deed as equals Jihad (in reward)." He replied, "I do not find such a deed." Then he added, "Can you, while the Muslim fighter has gone for Jihad enter your mosque to perform Salat (prayer) without cease and observe Saum (fast) and never break your Saum?" The man said, "But who can do that? Abu Hurairah added, "The Mujahid (i.e., Muslim fighter) is rewarded even for the footsteps of his horse while it wanders about (for grazing) tied in a long rope."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 2785)

 

 

 

 

He said those who fight for Allah with their riches and their lives are of higher rank than those who don't, and that they will receive a greater reward: Surah 4:95.

 

"Such believers as sit at home -- unless they have an injury -- are not the equals of those who struggle in the path of God with their possessions and their selves. God has preferred in rank those who struggle with their possessions and their selves over the ones who sit at home; yet to each God has promised the reward most fair; and God has preferred those who struggle over the ones who sit at home for the bounty of a mighty wage." (Surah 4:95. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Those of the believers who sit still, other than those who have a (disabling) hurt, are not on an equality with those who strive in the way of Allah with their wealth and lives. Allah hath conferred on those who strive with their wealth and lives a rank above the sedentary. Unto each Allah hath promised good, but He hath bestowed on those who strive a great reward above the sedentary." (Surah 4:95. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He said Allah prefers Muslims who fight over Muslims who don't fight: Surah 4:95; Jami At-Tirmidhi 3032 (Dar-us-Salam Reference).

 

"Such believers as sit at home -- unless they have an injury -- are not the equals of those who struggle in the path of God with their possessions and their selves. God has preferred in rank those who struggle with their possessions and their selves over the ones who sit at home; yet to each God has promised the reward most fair; and God has preferred those who struggle over the ones who sit at home for the bounty of a mighty wage." (Surah 4:95. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Those of the believers who sit still, other than those who have a (disabling) hurt, are not on an equality with those who strive in the way of Allah with their wealth and lives. Allah hath conferred on those who strive with their wealth and lives a rank above the sedentary. Unto each Allah hath promised good, but He hath bestowed on those who strive a great reward above the sedentary." (Surah 4:95. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Miqsam, the freed slave of 'Abdullah bin Al-Harith, narrated from Ibn 'Abbas that he said the Ayah: Not equal are those of the believers who sit, except those who are disabled... is about Badr and those who went out for Badr. At the time of the battle of Badr, 'Abdullah bin Jahsh and Ibn Umm Maktum said: 'We are blind O Messenger of Allah! So is there an exemption for us?' So the following was revealed: Not equal are those of the believers who sit except those who are disabled. But Allah has preferred those who strive hard and fight above those who sit (at home) by a huge reward. So these were the people who sat behind, that were not disabled: But Allah has preferred those who strive hard and fight, above those who sit (at home) by a huge reward - they are of levels above those who sit among the believers who did not have an excuse."" (Sahih) (Jami At-Tirmidhi 3032)

 

 

 

 

He said that fighting is prescribed/ordained for Muslims: Surah 2:216.

 

"Prescribed for you is fighting, though it be hateful to you. Yet it may happen that you will hate a thing which is better for you; and it may happen that you will love a thing which is worse for you; God knows, and you know not." (Surah 2:216. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you; but it may happen that ye hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for you. Allah knoweth, ye know not." (Surah 2:216. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He wanted people and their houses to be burned if they had not left for prayer: Sahih Al-Bukhari 11:626 (657).

 

"Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Prophet said, "No Salat (prayer) is more heavy (harder) for the hypocrites than the Fajr and the 'Isha' prayers and if they knew the reward for these Salat, at their respective times, they would certainly present themselves (in the mosques) even if they had to crawl."  The Prophet, added, "Certainly I intended or planned or was about to order the Mu 'adh-dhin (call-maker) to pronounce Iqama and order a man to lead the Salat and then take a fire flame (burning torch) to burn all those men (along with their houses) who had not yet left their houses for the Salat (in the mosques)."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 657)

He commanded Muslims to fight against people until they believed in Allah: Surah 8:39.

 

"Fight them, till there is no persecution and the religion is God's entirely; then if they give over, surely God sees the things they do." (Surah 8:39. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is all for Allah. But if they cease, then lo! Allah is Seer of what they do." (Surah 8:39. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He commanded Muslims to fight the unbelievers until they pay the jizya tax: Surah 9:29.

 

"Fight those who believe not in God and the Last Day and do not forbid what God and His Messenger have forbidden -- such men as practise not the religion of truth, being of those who have been given the Book -- until they pay the tribute out of hand and have been humbled." (Surah 9:29. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Fight against such of those who have been given the Scripture as believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, and forbid not that which Allah hath forbidden by His messenger, and follow not the Religion of Truth, until they pay the tribute readily, being brought low." (Surah 9:29. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He commanded Muslims to fight against those who disbelieve in Allah. He said first invite them to Islam. If they refuse, make them pay the jizya tax. If they refuse to pay the jizya tax, then fight them: Sahih Muslim 19:4294 (4522).

 

"It was narrated from Sulaiman bin Buraidah that his father said: When the Messenger of Allah appointed commanders for an army or expedition, he would advise them personally to fear Allah, exalted and glorified is He, and to be good to those of the Muslims who were under their command. Then he said: "Fight in the Name of Allah, for the sake of Allah. Fight those who disbelieve in Allah. Fight but do not steal from the war booty, do not break your promises, do not mutilate (the dead enemy) and do not kill children. When you meet your enemy among the idolaters, offer them three options, and whichever one they choose, accept it from them and refrain from (fighting) them. Invite them to Islam and if they respond, then accept it from them and refrain from (fighting) them. Then invite them to migrate from their land to the land of the Muhajirin (Al-Madinah), and tell them that if they do that, they will have the same rights and duties as the Muhajirin have. If they refuse to leave, then tell them that they are like the Muslim Bedouin and subject to the same rulings as the believers, but they will have no share of the booty and spoils of war, unless they strive alongside the Muslims. If they refuse, then ask them to pay Jizyah. If they respond, then accept it from them and refrain from (fighting) them. If they refuse that, then seek the help of Allah and fight them. If you lay siege to a stronghold, and the people ask you to promise them the protection of Allah and His Prophet , do not give them the promise of the protection of Allah and His Prophet; rather give them your promise of protection and that of your companions, for then if you break your promise and that of your companions, that is less serious than if the promise of Allah and His Messenger is broken. If you besiege a stronghold and the people want to make a deal on the basis of the ruling of Allah, do not make a deal on the basis of the ruling of Allah, rather make a deal on the basis of your own ruling, for you cannot be certain that you will be able to work out a deal with them that is in accordance with Allah's ruling."

        'Abdur-Rahman (a narrator) said this or something similar, and Isbaq added at the end of his Hadith: Yahya bin Adam said: I mentioned this HadIth to Muqatil bin Hayyan and he said: Muslim bin Haysam narrated something similar to me from An-Nu'man bin Muqarrin from the Prophet." (Sahih Muslim 4522)

 

 

 

 

He said he was ordered by Allah to fight against people until they worshipped only Allah and believed he was an apostle: Sahih Al-Bukhari 2:24 (25); Sahih Muslim 1:33 (129).

 

"Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Allah's Messenger said: "I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight against the people till they testify that La ilaha illallah, wa anna Muhammad-ar-Rasul-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah), and perform As-Salat [Iqamat-as-Salat (prayers)] and give Zakat so if they perform all that, then they save their lives and properties from me except for Islamic laws, and their reckoning (accounts) will be with (done by) Allah."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 25)

 

"It was narrated that 'Abdullah bin 'Umar said: "The Messenger of Allah said: 'I have been commanded to fight the people until they bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and they establish the Salat and pay Zakat. If they do that, then their blood and wealth are protected from me [except for a right that is due], and their reckoning with be with Allah."" (Sahih Muslim 129)

 

 

 

 

When Muslims were about to attack Khosrau, they were asked who they were by an interpreter. One of the Muslims (named Al-Mughira) answered and said that Muhammad had ordered them to fight them until they worshiped only Allah or pay the jizya tax: Sahih Al-Bukhari 53:386 (3159).

 

"Narrated Jubair bin Haiyya: 'Umar sent the Muslims to the great countries to fight Al-Mushrikun [polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger Muhammad]. When Al-Hurmuzan embraced Islam, 'Umar said to him, "I would like to consult you regarding these countries which I intend to invade." Al-Hurmuzan said, "Yes, the example of these countries and their inhabitants who are the enemies of the Muslims, is like a bird with a head, two wings and two legs; if one of its wings got broken, it would get up over its two legs with one wing and the head, and if the other wing got broken, it would get up with two legs and a head, but if its head got destroyed, then the two legs, two wings and the head would become useless. The head stands for Khosrau, and one wing stands for Caesar and the other wing stands for Fans. So, order the Muslims to go towards Khosrau." So, 'Umar sent us (to Khosrau) appointing An-Nu'man bin Muqarrin as our commander. When we reached the land of the enemy, the representative of Khosrau came out with forty thousand warriors, and an interpreter got up saying, "Let one of you talk to me!" Al-Mughira replied, "Ask whatever you wish." The other asked, "Who are you?" Al-Mugira replied, "We are some people from the Arabs; we led a hard, miserable, disastrous life; we used to suck the hides and the date-stones from hunger; we used to wear clothes made up of fur of camels and hair of goats, and used to worship trees and stones. While we were in this state, the Lord of the heavens and of the earths, be elevated His Remembrance and be Majestic His Highness, sent to us from among ourselves a Prophet whose father and mother are known to us. Our Prophet, the Messenger of our Lord, has ordered us to fight you till you worship Allah Alone or give Jizya (i.e., tribute); and our Prophet has informed us that our Lord says:

        'Whoever amongst us is killed (i.e., martyred), shall go to Paradise to lead such a luxurious life as he has never seen, and whoever amongst us remains alive, shall become your master.'" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 3159)

 

 

 

 

He said he would expel Jews and Christians from the Arabian peninsula and will not leave any but Muslim: Sahih Muslim 19:4366 (4594).

 

"Jabir bin 'Abdullah said: 'Umar bin Al-Khattab said that he heard the Messenger of Allah say: "I shall certainly expel the Jews and Christians from the Arabian Peninsula, until I leave only Muslims there."" (Sahih Muslim 4594)

 

 

 

 

He said there shall be no two faiths in the land of the Arabs: Muwatta Malik 45:17, 45:18.

 

"Yahya related to me from Malik from Ismail ibn Abi Hakim that he heard Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz say, "One of the last things that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said was, 'May Allah fight the jews and the christians. They took the graves of their Prophets as places of prostration. Two deens shall not co-exist in the land of the Arabs.'"" (Muwatta Malik 45:17. Translation by `A'isha `Abdarahman at-Tarjumana and Ya`qub Johnson)

 

"Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Two deens shall not co-exist in the Arabian Peninsula."

Malik said that Ibn Shihab said, ''Umar ibn al-Khattab searched for information about that until he was absolutely convinced that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said, 'Two deens shall not co-exist in the Arabian Peninsula,' and he therefore expelled the jews from Khaybar."" (Muwatta Malik 45:18. Translation by `A'isha `Abdarahman at-Tarjumana and Ya`qub Johnson)

 

 

 

 

He said to turn the pagans out of the Arabian Peninsula: Sahih Al-Bukhari 59:716 (4431).

 

"Narrated Ibn 'Abbas' Thursday! And how great that Thursday was! The ailment of Allah's Messenger became worse (on Thursday) and he said, "Fetch me something so that I may write to you something after which you will never go astray."  The people (present there) differed in this matter, and it was not right to differ before a Prophet. Some said, "What is wrong with him? (Do you think) he is delirious (seriously ill)? Ask him (to understand his state) ." So they went to the Prophet, and asked him again. The Prophet said, "Leave me, for my present state is better than what you call me for."  Then he ordered them to do three things. He said, "Turn Al-Mushrikun [polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger Muhammad] out of the Arabian Peninsula; respect and give gifts to the foreign delegations as you have seen me dealing with them." (Sa'id bin Jubair, the subnarrator said that Ibn 'Abbas kept quiet as regards the third order, or he said, "I forgot it.")" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 4431)

 

 

 

 

He said kill anybody who leaves Islam: Surah 4:89; Sahih Al-Bukhari 52:260 (3017), 84:57 (6922), 84:58 (6923), 84:64 (6930), 89:271 (7157).

 

"They wish that you should disbelieve as they disbelieve, and then you would be equal; therefore take not to yourselves friends of them, until they emigrate in the way of God; then, if they turn their backs, take them, and slay them wherever you find them; take not to yourselves any one of them as friend or helper." (Surah 4:89. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"They long that ye should disbelieve even as they disbelieve, that ye may be upon a level (with them). So choose not friends from them till they forsake their homes in the way of Allah; if they turn back (to enmity) then take them and kill them wherever ye find them, and choose no friend nor helper from among them." (Surah 4:89. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Narrated 'Ikrima: 'Ali burnt some people and this news reached Ibn 'Abbas, who said, "Had I been in his place I would not have burnt them, as the Prophet said, 'Don't punish (anybody) with Allah's punishment.' No doubt, I would have killed them, for the Prophet said, 'If somebody (a Muslim) discards his religion, kill him."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 3017)

 

"Narrated 'Ikrima: Some Zanadiqa (atheists) were brought to 'Ali; and he burnt them. The news of this event reached Ibn 'Abbas who said, "If I had been in his place, I would not have burnt them, as Allah's Messenger forbade it, saying, 'Do not punish anybody with Allah's punishment (fire).' I would have killed them according to the statement of Allah's Messenger, 'Whoever changed his Islamic religion, then kill him.'"" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6922)

 

"Narrated Abu Burda: Abu Musa said, "I came to the Prophet along with two men (from the tribe) of Ash'ariyun, one on my right and the other on my left, while Allah's Messenger was brushing his teeth (with a Siwak), and both men asked him for some employment. The Prophet said, 'O Abu Musa, O 'Abdullah bin Qais', I said, 'By Him Who sent you with the Truth, these two men did not tell me what was in their hearts and I did not feel (realize) that they were seeking employment.' As if I were looking now at his Siwak being drawn to a corner under his lips, and he said, 'We never (or said, 'we do not') appoint for our affairs anyone who seeks to be employed. But O Abu Musa!' or said, 'Abdullah bin Qais! Go to Yemen.'" The Prophet then sent Mu'adh bin Jabal after him and when Mu'adh reached him, he spread out a cushion for him and requested him to get down (and sit on the cushion). Behold! There was a fettered man beside Aba Musa. Mu'adh asked, 'Who is this (man)?' Abu Musa said, 'He was a Jew and became a Muslim and then reverted back to Judaism.' Then Abu Musa requested Mu'adh to sit down but Mu'adh said, 'I will not sit down till he has been killed. This is the judgement of Allah and His Messenger (for such cases),' and repeated it thrice. Then Abu Musa ordered that the man be killed, and he was killed." Abu Musa added, "Then we discussed the night (Tahajjud) prayers and one of us said, 'I offer (prayer) and sleep, and I hope that Allah will reward me for my sleep as well as for my waking up (for prayers)'."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6923)

 

"Narrated 'Ali: Whenever I tell you a narration from Allah's Messenger, by Allah, I would rather fall down from the sky than ascribe a false statement to him, but if I tell you something between me and you (not a Hadith) then it was indeed a trick (i.e., I may say things just to cheat my enemy). No doubt I heard Allah's Messenger saying, "During the last days there will appear some young foolish people who will say the best words but their Faith will not go beyond their throats (i.e., they will have no Faith) and will go out from (leave) their religion as an arrow goes out of the game. So, wherever you find them, kill them, for whoever kills them shall have reward on the Day of Resurrection."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6930)

 

"Narrated Abu Musa: A man embraced Islam and then reverted back to Judaism. Mu'adh bin Jabal came and saw the man with Abu Musa. Mu'adh asked, "What is wrong with this (man)?" Abu Musa replied, "He embraced Islam and then reverted back to Judaism." Mu'adh said, "I will not sit down unless you kill him (as it is) the verdict of Allah and His Messenger."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 7157)

 

 

 

 

He personally killed at least one person for leaving Islam: Sahih Al-Bukhari 83:37 (6899).

 

"Narrated Abu Qilaba: Once 'Umar bin 'Abdul-'Aziz sat on his throne in the courtyard of his house so that the people might gather before him. Then he admitted them and (when they came in), he said, "What do you think of Al-Qasama?" They said, "We say that it is lawful to depend on Al-Qasama in Al-Qisas, as the previous Muslim caliphs carried out Al-Qisas depending on it." Then he said to me, "O Abu Qilaba! What do you say about it?" He let me appear before the people and I said, "O chief of the believers! You have the chiefs of the army staff and the nobles of the Arabs. If fifty of them testified that a married man had committed illegal sexual intercourse in Damascus but they had not seen him (doing so), would you stone him?" He said, "No." I said, "If fifty of them testified that a man had committed theft in Hums, would you cut off his hand, though they did not see him?" He replied, "No." I said, "By Allah, Allah's Messenger never killed anyone except in one of the following three situations: (1) A person who killed somebody (a case of intentional murder), is to be killed (in Al-Qisas), (2) a married person who committed illegal sexual intercourse, and (3) a man who fought against Allah and His Messenger and deserted Islam and became an apostate." Then the people said, "Didn't Anas bin Malik narrate that Allah's Messenger cut off the hands of the thieves, branded their eyes and then threw them in the sun (to die)?" I said, "I shall tell you the narration of Anas. Anas said: "Eight persons from the tribe of 'Ukl came to Allah's Messenger and gave the Bai'a (pledge) for Islam (became Muslim). The climate of the place (Al-Madina) did not suit them so they became sick and complained about that to Allah's Messenger. He said (to them), "Won't you go out with the shepherd of our camels and drink of the camels' milk and urine (as medicine)?" They said, 'Yes." So they went out and drank the camels milk and urine, and after they became healthy, they killed the shepherd of Allah's Messenger and took away all the camels. This news reached Allah's Messenger, so he sent (men) to follow their traces and they were captured and brought (to the Prophet). He then ordered to cut their hands and feet, and their eyes were branded with heated pieces of iron, and then he threw them in the sun till they died." I said, "What can be worse than what those people did? They deserted Islam, committed murder and theft." Then 'Anbasa bin Sa'id said, "By Allah, I never heard a narration like this of today." I said, "O 'Anbasa! You deny my narration?" 'Anbasa said, "No, but you have related the narration in the way it should be related. By Allah, these people are in welfare as long as this Sheikh (Abu Qilaba is among them." I added, "Indeed in this event there has been a Sunna (legal way) set by Allah's Messenger.

        The narrator added: Some Ansari people came to the Prophet and discussed some matters with him, a man from amongst them went out and was murdered. Those people went out after him, and behold, their companion was lying in a pool of blood. They returned to Allah's Messenger and said to him, "O Allah's Messenger, we have found our companion who had talked with us and gone out before us, swimming in blood (killed)." Allah's Messenger went out and asked them, "Whom do you suspect, or whom do you think has killed him?" They said, "We think that the Jews have killed him." The Prophet sent for the Jews and asked them, "Did you kill this (person)?" They replied, "No." He asked the Al-Ansar, "Do you agree that I let fifty Jews take an oath that they have not killed him?" They said, "It matters little for the Jews to kill us all and then take false oaths." He said, "Then would you like to receive the Diya after fifty of you have taken an oath (that the Jews have killed your man)?" They said, "We will not take the oath." Then the Prophet himself paid them the Diya (blood-money)."

        The narrator added, "The tribe of Hudhail repudiated one of their men (for his evil conduct) in the Pre-Islamic Period of Ignorance. Then at a place called Al-Batba' (near Makkah), the man attacked a Yemenite family at night to steal from them, but a man from the family noticed him and struck him with his sword and killed him. The tribe of Hudhail came and captured the Yemenite and brought him to 'Umar, during the Hajj season and said, "He has killed our companion." The Yemenite said, "But these people had repudiated him (i.e., their companion)." 'Umar said, "Let fifty persons of Hudhail (tribe) swear that they had not repudiated him." So forty-nine of them took the oath and then a person belonging to them came from Sham and they requested him to swear similarly, but he paid one thousand Dirhams instead of taking the oath. They called another man instead of him and the new man shook hands with the brother of the deceased. Some people said, "We and those fifty men who had taken false oaths (Al-Qasama) set out, and when they reached a place called Nakhlah, it started raining so they entered a cave in the mountain, and the cave collapsed on those fifty men who took the false oath, and all of them died except the two persons who had shaken hands with each other. They escaped death but a stone fell on the leg of the brother of the deceased and broke it, whereupon he survived for one year and then died."

        (The narrator) further said, " 'Abdul Malik bin Marwan sentenced a man to death in Al-Qisas (equality in punishment) for murder, basing his judgement on Al-Qasama, but later on he regretted that judgement and ordered that the names of the fifty persons who had taken the oath (Al-Qasama), be erased from the register, and he exiled them in Sham."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6899)

 

 

 

 

He said kill anybody who, even though they say the right things, doesn't really have faith in Islam: Sahih Al-Bukhari 84:64 (6930).

 

"Narrated 'Ali: Whenever I tell you a narration from Allah's Messenger by Allah, I would rather fall down from the sky than ascribe a false statement to him, but if I tell you something between me and you (not a Hadith) then it was indeed a trick (i.e., I may say things just to cheat my enemy). No doubt I heard Allah's Messenger saying, "During the last days there will appear some young foolish people who will say the best words but their Faith will not go beyond their throats (i.e., they will have no Faith) and will go out from (leave) their religion as an arrow goes out of the game. So, wherever you find them, kill them, for whoever kills them shall have reward on the Day of Resurrection."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6930)

 

 

 

 

People in the early Islamic community pretended to be followers of Islam because they feared being killed by Muslims: Surah 9:56-57.

 

"They swear by God that they belong with you, but they are not of you they are a people that are afraid. If they could find a shelter, or some caverns, or any place to creep into, they would turn about and bolt away to it." (Surah 9:56-57. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"And they swear by Allah that they are in truth of you, when they are not of you, but they are folk who are afraid. Had they but found a refuge, or caverns, or a place to enter, they surely had resorted thither swift as runaways." (Surah 9:56-57. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He told his followers to kill their enemies: Surah 9:5, 9:73, 66:9.

 

"Then, when the sacred months are drawn away, slay the idolaters wherever you find them, and take them, and confine them, and lie in wait for them at every place of ambush. But if they repent, and perform the prayer, and pay the alms, then let them go their way; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate." (Surah 9:5. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Then, when the sacred months have passed, slay the idolaters wherever ye find them, and take them (captive), and besiege them, and prepare for them each ambush. But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then leave their way free. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful." (Surah 9:5. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"O Prophet, struggle with the unbelievers and hypocrites, and be thou harsh with them; their refuge is Gehenna -- an evil homecoming!" (Surah 9:73. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"O Prophet! Strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites! Be harsh with them. Their ultimate abode is hell, a hapless journey's end." (Surah 9:73. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"O Prophet, struggle with the unbelievers and the hypocrites, and be thou harsh with them; their refuge shall be Gehenna -- an evil homecoming!" (Surah 66:9. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"O Prophet! Strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be stern with them. Hell will be their home, a hapless journey's end." (Surah 66:9. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He personally cut the hands and feet off of people: Sahih Al-Bukhari 82:795 (6803).

 

"Narrated Anas: The Prophet cut off the hands and feet of the men belonging to the tribe of 'Uraina and did not cauterize (their bleeding limbs) till they died." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6803)

 

 

 

 

He had people tortured and killed by ordering their eyes to be branded with pieces of hot iron and having their hands and feet cut off: Sahih Al-Bukhari 82:794 (6802), 82:796 (6804), 82:797 (6805); Sunan An-Nasa'i 307 (Dar-us-Salam Reference). (Sahih Muslim 16:4130 (4353) says their eyes were poked out)

 

"Narrated Anas: Some people from the tribe of 'UkI came to the Prophet and embraced Islam. The climate of Al-Madina did not suit them, so the Prophet iit ordered them to go to the (herd of much) camels of charity and to drink their milk and urine (as a medicine). They did so, and after they had recovered from their ailment (became healthy) they turned renegades (reverted from Islam) and killed the shepherd of the camels and took the camels away. The Prophet sent (some people) in their pursuit and so they were (caught and) brought, and the Prophet ordered that their hands and legs should be cut off and their eyes should be branded with heated pieces of iron, and that their cut hands and legs should not be cauterized, till they died." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6802)

 

"Narrated Anas A group of people from 'Ukl (tribe) came to the Prophet and they were living with the people of As-Suffa, but they became ill as the climate of Al-Madina did not suit them, so they said, "O Allah's Messenger! Provide us with milk." The Prophet said, "I see no other way for you than to use the camels of Allah's Messenger." So they went and drank the milk and urine of the camels (as medicine), and became healthy and fat. Then they killed the shepherd and took the camels way. When a help-seeker came to Allah's Messenger, he sent some men in their pursuit, and they were captured and brought before mid-day. The Prophet ordered for some iron pieces to be made red hot, and their eyes were branded with them and their hands and feet were cut off and were not cauterized. Then they were put at a place called Al-Harra, and when they asked for water to drink they were not given till they died.

        Abu Qilaba said, "Those people committed theft and murder and fought against Allah and His Messenger."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6804)

 

"Narrated Anas bin Malik: A group of people from 'Ukl (or 'Uraina) tribe but I think he said that they were from 'Ukl - came to Al-Madina and (they became ill, so) the Prophet ordered them to go to the herd of (much) she-camels and told them to go out and drink the camels' urine and milk (as a medicine). So they went and drank it, and when they became healthy, they killed the shepherd and drove away the camels. This news reached the Prophet early in the morning, so he sent (some) men in their pursuit and they were captured and brought to the Prophet before mid-day. He ordered to cut off their hands and legs and their eyes to be branded with heated iron pieces, and they were thrown at Al-Harra, and when they asked for water to drink, they were not given water.

        Aba Qilaba said, "Those were the people who committed theft and murder and reverted to disbelief after being believers (Muslims), and fought against Allah and His Messenger."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6805)

 

"It was narrated from Anas bin Milik that some Bedouins from 'Urainah came to the Prophet and became Muslim, but the climate of Al-Madinah did not suit them; their skin turned yellow and their stomachs became swollen. The Messenger of Allah sent them to some pregnant camels of his and told them to drink their milk and urine until they recovered. Then they killed the camel-herder and drove the camels away. The Messenger of Allah sent people after them, and they were brought back. Their hands and feet were cut off and their eyes were smoldered with burning nails. The Commander of the Believers, 'Abdul-Malik, said to Anas - when he was narrating this Hadith to him - "(Were they being punished) for Kufr or for a sin?" He said: "For Kufr."" (Sahih) (Sunan An-Nasa'i 307)

 

"It was narrated from Anas bin Malik that some people from 'Uraynah came to the Messenger of Allah in Al-Madinah, but they found that the climate did not suit them (and they fell sick). The Messenger of Allah said to them: "If you wish, you may go out to the camels from Sadaqah and drink their milk and urine." So they did that and got better. Then they went to the herdsmen and killed them, and apostatized from Islam, and drove off the camels of the Messenger of Allah. News of that reached the Prophet and he sent men after them. They were brought, and he had their hands and feet cut off, and their eyes poked out, and he left them in Al-Harrah until they died." (Sahih Muslim 4353)

 

 

 

 

He had a man tortured in an attempt to find some treasure: Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 515; al-Tabari, Volume VIII, pages 122-123.

 

"Kinana b. al-Rabi', who had the custody of the treasure of B. al-Nadir, was brought to the apostle who asked him about it. He denied that he knew where it was. A Jew came (T. was brought) to the apostle and said that he had seen Kinana going round a certain ruin every morning early. When the apostle said to Kinana, 'Do you know that if we find you have it I shall kill you?' he said Yes. The apostle gave orders that the ruin was to be excavated and some of the treasure was found. When he asked him about the rest he refused to produce it, so the apostle gave orders to al-Zubayr b. al-'Awwam, 'Torture him until you extract what he has,' so he kindled a fire with flint and steel on his chest until he was nearly dead. Then the apostle delivered him to Muhammad b. Maslama and he struck off his head, in revenge for his brother Mahmud." (Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 515)

 

"According to Ibn Ishaq: Kinanah b. al-Rabi` b. Abi al-Huqayq, who had the treasure of the Banu al-Nadir, was brought to the Messenger of God, who questioned him; but he denied knowing where it was. Then the Messenger of God was brought a Jew who said to him, "I have seen Kinanah walk around this ruin every morning." The Messenger of God said to Kinanah: "What do you say? If we find it in your possession, I will kill you." "All right," he answered. The Messenger of God commanded that the ruin should be dug up, and some of the treasure was extracted from it. Then he asked him for the rest of it. Kinanah refused to surrender it; so the Messenger of God gave orders concerning him to al-Zubayr b. al-'Awwam, saying, "Torture him until you root out what he has." Al-Zubayr kept twirling his firestick in his breast until Kinanah almost expired; then the Messenger of God gave him to Muhammad b. Maslamah, who beheaded him to avenge his brother Mahmud b. Maslamah." (al-Tabari, Volume VIII, pages 122-123)

His followers caught, beat, and interrogated a slave for information about a caravan: Sahih Muslim 19:4394 (4621).

 

"It was narrated from Anas that the Messenger of Allah consulted (his Companions) when news reached him that Abu Sufyan was advancing. Abu Bakr spoke, but he paid him no heed, then 'Umar spoke but he paid him no heed. Then Sa'd bin 'Ubadah stood up and said: Do you want us to speak, O Messenger of Allah? By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, if you tell us to plunge our horses into the sea, we will do so, and if you tell us to make our horses go as far as Bark Al-Ghimad, we will do so. The Messenger of Allah encouraged the people, then they set out, and camped in Badr. Soon the water carriers of Quraish arrived, among whom was a black slave belonging to Banu Al-Hajjaj. They caught him, and the Companions of the Messenger of Allah questioned him about Abu Sufyan and his Companions, but he said: I do not know about Abu Sufyan, but Abu Jahl, 'Utbah, Shaibah and Umayyah bin Khalaf are there. When he said that, they beat him, and he said: Yes, I will tell you about Abu Sufyan. But when they stopped beating him and they questioned him, he said: I do not know about Abu Sufyan, but Abu Jahl, 'Utbah, Shaibah and Umayyah bin Khalaf are among the people. When he said that again, they beat him again. The Messenger of Allah was standing and praying, but when he saw that he stopped, and said: "By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, you beat him when he tells you the truth and you stop when he lies to you." And the Messenger of Allah said: "This is the place where so-and-so will fall," placing his hand on the ground here and there. And none of them fell anywhere but in the places where the Messenger of Allah had put his hand on the ground." (Sahih Muslim 4621)

 

 

 

 

He beheaded hundreds of Jews: Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 464.

 

“Then they surrendered, and the apostle confined them in Medina in the quarter of d. al-Harith, a woman of B. al-Najjar. Then the apostle went out to the market of Medina (which is still Its market today) and dug trenches in it. Then he sent for them and struck off their heads in those trenches as they were brought out to him in batches. Among them was the enemy of Allah Huyayy b. Akhtab and Ka'b b. Asad their chief. There were 600 or 700 in all, though some put the figure as high as 800 or 900. As they were being taken out in batches to the apostle they asked Ka’b what he thought would be done with them. He replied, ‘Will you never understand? Don't you see that the summoner never stops and those who are taken away do not return? By Allah it is death!' This went on until the apostle made an end of them.” (Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 464)

 

 

 

 

He took women and children as captives: Sahih Al-Bukhari 14:68 (947), 46:717 (2541).

 

"Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Messenger offered the Fajr prayer when it was still dark, then he rode and said, Allahu Akbar! Khaibar is ruined. When we approach near a nation, the most evil will be the morning of those who had been warned." The people came out into the streets saying, "Muhammad and his army." Allah's Messenger vanquished them by force and their warriors were killed; the children and women were taken as captives. Safiya was taken by Dihya Al-Kalbi and later she belonged to Allah's Messenger who married her and her Mahr was her manumission." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 947)

 

"Narrated Ibn 'Aun: I wrote a letter to Nafi', and Nafi' wrote in reply to my letter that the Prophet had (suddenly) attacked Bani Mustaliq (without warning while they were heedless) and their cattle were being watered at the places of water. Their fighting men were killed and their women and children were taken as captives; the Prophet got Juwairiya on that day. Nafi' said that Ibn 'Umar had told him the above narration and that Ibn 'Umar was in that army." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 2541)

 

 

 

 

He told Muslims not to befriend nonbelievers: Surah 3:28, 5:51.

 

"Let not the believers take the unbelievers for friends, rather than the believers -- for whoso does that belongs not to God in anything -- unless you have a fear of them. God warns you that You beware of Him, and unto God is the homecoming." (Surah 3:28. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Let not the believers take disbelievers for their friends in preference to believers. Whoso doeth that hath no connection with Allah unless (it be) that ye but guard yourselves against them, taking (as it were) security. Allah biddeth you beware (only) of Himself. Unto Allah is the journeying." (Surah 3:28. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"O believers, take not Jews and Christians as friends; they are friends of each other. Whoso of you makes them his friends is one of them. God guides not the people of the evildoers." (Surah 5:51. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"O ye who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians for friends. They are friends one to another. He among you who taketh them for friends is (one) of them. Lo! Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk." (Surah 5:51. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He cursed Christians and Jews on his deathbed: Sahih Al-Bukhari 56:660 (3453); Sahih Muslim 4:1082 (1187); Muwatta Malik 45:17.

 

"Narrated 'Aishah and Ibn 'Abbās: On his deathbed Allah's Messenger put a sheet over his face and  when he felt hot, he would remove it from his face. When in that state (of putting and removing the sheet) he said, "May Allah's Curse be on the Jews and the Christians for they built places of worship at the graves of their Prophets." (By that) he intended to warn (the Muslims) from what they (i.e., Jews and Christians) had done." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 3453)

 

"'Aishah and 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas said: "When the Messenger of Allah was dying, he drew the blanket over his face, then when the pains of death grew too intense, he uncovered his face and said: 'May Allah curse the Jews and the Christians; they took the graves of their Prophets as Masajid,' warning against doing what they had done."" (Sahih Muslim 1187)

 

"Yahya related to me from Malik from Ismail ibn Abi Hakim that he heard Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz say, "One of the last things that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said was, 'May Allah fight the jews and the christians. They took the graves of their Prophets as places of prostration. Two deens shall not co-exist in the land of the Arabs.'"" (Muwatta Malik 45:17. USC-MSA)

 

"Yahya related to me from Malik from Ismail ibn Abi Hakim that he heard Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz say, "One of the last things that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said was, 'May Allah fight the jews and the christians. They took the graves of their Prophets as places of prostration. Two deens shall not co-exist in the land of the Arabs.'"" (Muwatta Malik 45:17. Translation by `A'isha `Abdarahman at-Tarjumana and Ya`qub Johnson)

 

 

 

 

He said Christians and Jews are the worst of all creatures: Surah 98:6.

 

"The unbelievers of the People of the Book and the idolaters shall be in the Fire of Gehenna, therein dwelling forever; those are the worst of creatures." (Surah 98:6. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Lo! those who disbelieve, among the People of the Scripture and the idolaters, will abide in fire of hell. They are the worst of created beings." (Surah 98:6. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He beat a drunk: Sahih Al-Bukhari 81:764 (6773), 81:767 (6776), 81:771 (6780).

 

"Narrated Anas bin Malik: The Prophet beat a drunk with palm-leaf stalks and shoes. And Abu Bakr gave (such a sinner) forty lashes." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6773)

 

"Narrated Anas: The Prophet lashed a drunk with stalks of date-palm leaves and shoes. And Abe Bakr gave a drunk forty lashes." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6776)

 

"Narrated 'Umar bin Al-Khattab: During the lifetime of the Prophet there was a man called 'Abdullah whose nickname was Donkey, and he used to make Allah's Messenger laugh. The Prophet lashed him because of drinking (alcohol). And one day he was brought to the Prophet on the same charge and was lashed. On that, a man among the people said, "O Allah, curse him! How frequently he has been brought (to the Prophet on such a charge)!" The Prophet said, "Do not curse him; for by Allah, I know he loves Allah and His Messenger."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6780)

 

 

 

 

He commanded his followers to beat drunks: Sahih Al-Bukhari 81:765 (6774), 81:766 (6775), 81:772 (6781).

 

"Narrated 'Uqba bin Al-Harith: An-Nu'man or the son of An-Nu'man was brought to the Prophet on a charge of drinking intoxicating drinks. So the Prophet ordered all the men present in the house, to beat him. So all of them beat him, and I was also one of them who beat him with shoes." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6774)

 

"Narrated' Uqba bin Al-Harith: An-Nu'man or the son of An-Nu'man was brought to the Prophet in a state of intoxication. The Prophet felt it hard (was angry) and ordered all those who were present in the house, to beat him. And they beat him with stalks of date-palm leaves and shoes, and I was among those who beat him." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6775)

 

"Narrated Abu Hurairah: A drunk was brought to the Prophet and he ordered him to be beaten (lashed). Some of us beat him with our hands, and some with their shoes, and some with their garments (twisted in the form of a lash). When that drunk had left, a man said, "What is wrong with him? May Allah disgrace him!" Allah's Messenger said, "Do not help Satan against your (Muslim) brother."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6781)

 

 

 

 

He threw dust in the face of a man who drank wine: Sunan Abu Dawud 38:4472 (4487).

 

"It was narrated that 'Abdur-Rahman bin Azhar said: It is as if I can see the Messenger of Allah now, in the camp seeking the camping-place of Khalid bin Al-Walid. While he was like that, a man who had drunk Khamr was brought to him, and he said to the people: 'Beat him.' Some of them beat him with their shoes, some with sticks, and some with fresh branches of palm trees. Then the Messenger of Allah took some dust from the ground and threw it in his face." (Hasan) (Sunan Abu Dawud 4487)

 

 

 

 

He owned black slaves: Sahih Al-Bukhari 73:182 (6161); Sahih Muslim 10:3901 (4113).

 

"Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Messenger was on a journey and he had a black slave called Anjasha, and he was driving the camels (very fast, and there were women riding on those camels). Allah's Messenger said, "Waihaka (may Allah be Merciful to you) O Anjasha! Drive slowly (the camels) with the glass vessels (women)!"" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6161)

 

"It was narrated that Jabir said: "A slave came and swore allegiance to the Prophet, pledging to emigrate, and he did not realize that he was a slave. Then his master came looking for him. The Prophet said: 'Sell him to me,' and he bought him for two black slaves. Then after that he did not accept the oath of allegiance of anyone until he had asked: 'Is he a slave?"" (Sahih Muslim 4113)

 

 

 

 

His followers cruelly killed an old woman named Umm Qirfa by tying her legs to two different camels and tearing her apart: al-Tabari, Volume VIII, page 96; Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 665.

 

"In this year a raiding party led by Zayd b. Harithah set out against Umm Qirfah in the month of Ramadan. During it, Umm Qirfah (Fatimah bt. Rabi'ah b. Badr) suffered a cruel death. He tied her legs with rope and then tied her between two camels until they split her in two. She was a very old woman." (al-Tabari, Volume VIII, pages 95-96)

 

"When Zayd came he swore that he would use no ablution until he raided B. Fazara; and when he recovered from his wounds the apostle sent him against them with a force. He fought (T. he met) them in Wadi'l-Qura and killed some of them. Qays b. al-Musahhar al-Ya'muri killed Mas'ada b. Hakama b. Malik b. Hudhayfa b. Badr, and Umm Qirfa Fatima d. Rabi'a b. Badr was taken prisoner. She was a very old woman, wife of Malik. Her daughter and 'Abdullah b. Mas'ada were also taken. Zayd ordered Qays b. al-Musahhar to kill Umm Qirfa and he killed her cruelly (T. by putting a rope to her two legs and to two camels and driving them until they rent her in two)." (Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 665)

 

 

 

 

He sold women and children for weapons and horses: Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 466; Al-Wāqidī's Kitāb al-maghāzī, page 257.

 

"Then the apostle sent Sa'd b. Zayd al-Ansari brother of b. 'Abdu'l-Ashhal with some of the captive women of B. Qurayza to Najd and he sold them for horses and weapons." (Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 466)

 

"Ibn Abi Sabra related to me from Ya'qub b. Zayd b. Talha from his father, who said: When the Banu Qurayza - the women and children- were imprisoned, the Messenger of God sold a portion of them to 'Uthman b. 'Affan and 'Abd al-Rahman b. Awf. He sent a portion to Najd and another to Syria with Sa'd b. 'Ubada to sell them and purchase weapons and horses." (Al-Wāqidī's Kitāb al-maghāzī, page 257)

 

 

 

 

He would break everything brought into his house that had a cross on it: This tradition is reported by Al-Waqidi, and is in William Muir's The Life of Mahomet, Volume III, page 61, note 47.

 

"It is there added that he had such a repugnance to the form of the cross that he broke everything brought into his house with that figure upon it. This may, however, have been symbolical of his extreme aversion to the doctrine of the crucifixion." (William Muir's The Life of Mahomet, Volume III, page 61, note 47)

 

 

 

 

He had people tortured and killed by having their eyes smoldered with burning nails and their hands and feet cut off because they left Islam (this Hadith explicitly says for "kufr"): Sunan An-Nasa'i 307 (Dar-us-Salam Reference).

 

"It was narrated from Anas bin Milik that some Bedouins from 'Urainah came to the Prophet and became Muslim, but the climate of Al-Madinah did not suit them; their skin turned yellow and their stomachs became swollen. The Messenger of Allah sent them to some pregnant camels of his and told them to drink their milk and urine until they recovered. Then they killed the camel-herder and drove the camels away. The Messenger of Allah sent people after them, and they were brought back. Their hands and feet were cut off and their eyes were smoldered with burning nails. The Commander of the Believers, 'Abdul-Malik, said to Anas - when he was narrating this Hadith to him - "(Were they being punished) for Kufr or for a sin?" He said: "For Kufr."" (Sahih) (Sunan An-Nasa'i 307)

 

 

 

 

He told a man to throw sand in the mouths of crying women who lost their husbands: Sahih Muslim 4:2034 (2161).

 

"Amrah narrated that she heard 'Aishah say: "When news of the killing of Zaid bin Harithah, Ja'far bin Abi Talib and 'Abdullah bin Rawahah reached the Messenger of Allah, the Messenger of Allah sat down and grief could be seen in his face. She said: "I was watching through the crack of the door and a man came to him and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, the womenfolk of Ja'far...' and he mentioned their crying. He told him to go and tell them not to do that. So he went, then he came back and told him that they had paid him no heed. He told him a second time to go and tell them not to do that, and he went, then he came back and said: 'By Allah, they will not listen to us, O Messenger of Allah." And she said that the Messenger of Allah said: "Go and throw sand in their mouths." 'Aishah said: "I said: 'May Allah rub your nose in the dust, you did not do what the Messenger of Allah commanded you, and you did not stop annoying the Messenger of Allah."" (Sahih Muslim 2161)

 

 

 

 

He (a slave owner himself) said a Muslim doesn't have to pay taxes (zakat) on slaves: Sahih Al-Bukhari 24:543 (1464).

 

"Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Prophet said, "There is no Zakat either on a slave or on a horse belonging to a Muslim."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 1464)

 

 

 

 

He got so angry when a dying man freed his six slaves that he said he thought of not offering the funeral prayer for him. Then he divided the man's slaves into three groups and cast lots among them, freeing only two slaves and leaving the other four as slaves, thus stoping four slaves from being freed: Sunan An-Nasa'i 1960 (Dar-us-Salam Reference).

 

"It was narrated from 'Imrin bin Husain that a man freed six slaves of his when he was dying, and he did not have any wealth apart from them. News of that reached the Prophet and he was angry about that. He said: "I was thinking of not offering the funeral prayer for him." Then he called the slaves and divided them into three groups. He cast lots among them, then freed two and left four as slaves." (Sahih) (Sunan An-Nasa'i 1960)

 

 

 

 

He ordered that a man be killed who was accused of misbehaving with one of his slave girls/concubines. As it turned out, the man was falsely accused because it was discovered that he didn't even have a penis. So Muhammad ordered a man to be killed for something he didn't even do (thankfully it looks like he wasn't killed): Sahih Muslim 37:6676 (7023).

 

"It was narrated from Anas that a man was accused of misbehaving with the concubine of the Messenger of Allah who had borne him a child. The Messenger of Allah said to 'Ali: "Go and strike his neck." 'Ali came to him and found him in a well, cooling himself off. 'All said to him: "Come out," and he took him by the hand and brought him out. Then he saw that he was mutilated and did not have a penis, so he refrained from killing him. Then he came to the Prophet and said: "O Messenger of Allah, he is mutilated, he does not have a penis."" (Sahih Muslim 7023)

 

 

 

 

He said all things a Muslim man does for entertainment are in vain except for shooting arrows, training his horse, and playing with his wife (so jihad and sex are the only forms of entertainment a Muslim man can participate in): Sunan Ibn Majah 2811 (Dar-us-Salam Reference).

 

"It was narrated from 'Uqbah bin 'Amir Al-Juhani that the prophet said: "Allah will admit three people to Paradie by virtue of one arrow: The one who makes it, seeking reward by making it well; the one who shoots it; and the one who hands it to him." And the Messenger of Allah said: "Shoot and ride, and if you shoot that is dearer to me than if you ride. All things that a Muslim man does for entertainment are in vain except for shooting arrows, training his horse and playing with his wife, for these are things that bring reward."" (Hasan) (Sunan Ibn Majah 2811)

 

 

 

 

He said when Allah hates a person, he tells the angel Gabriel to also hate them. Then Gabriel hates that person and calls out to the people of heaven and tells them to also hate that person, and then that person is hated in heaven and on earth (so the hate is spread around): Sahih Muslim 32:6373 (6705).

 

"It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: "The Messenger of Allah said: 'When Allah loves a person, He calls Jibra'il, and says: "I love so-and-so, so love him." so Jibra'il loves him, then he calls out to the people of heaven: "Allah loves so-and-so, so love him." So the people of heaven love him and he finds acceptance on earth. If Allah hates someone, He calls Jibra'il and says: "I hate so-and-so, so hate him." So Jibra'il hates him, then he calls out to the people of heaven: "Allah hates so-and-so, so hate him." So they hate him and he is hated on earth."" (Sahih Muslim 6705)

 

 

 

 

He was so brutal that even the victim of theft thought Muhammad's punishment of cuffing off the thief's hand was too much: Sunan An-Nasa'i 4883, 4886 (Dar-us-Salam Reference).

 

"It was narrated from Safwan bin Umayyah that a man stole his Burdah, so he brought him before the Prophet, who ordered that his hand be cut off. He said: "O Messenger of Allah, I will let him have it," He said: "O Abu Wahb! Why didn't you do that before you brought him to me?" And the Messenger of Allah had (the man's) hand cut off." (Hasan) (Sunan An-Nasa'i 4883)

 

"It was narrated that Ibn 'Abbis said: "Safwan was sleeping in the Masjid with his Rida' beneath him, and it was stolen. He got up, and the man had gone, but he caught up with him, seized him and took him to the Prophet, who ordered that his hand be cut off. Safwan said: 'O Messenger of Allah, my Rida' is not worth cutting off a man's hand for.' He said: 'Why did you not say that before you brought him to me?"' (Sahih)

        Abu Abdur-Rahman (An-Nasa'i) said: Ash'ath is weak." (Sunan An-Nasa'i 4886)

 

 

 

 

He said to be sincere to the Muslim and to disassociate with the infidel (non-Muslims): Musnad Ahmad 19153 (Dar-us-Salam Reference).

 

"Narrated Jarir bin Abdullah al-Bajali: I said, "O Messenger of Allah, tell me your conditions." He said, "Worship Allah and do not associate anything with him, pray the prescribed prayers, pay the obligatory zakat, be sincere to the Muslim, and disassociate from the infidel."" (Musnad Ahmad 19153)

 

 

 

 

He said to avoid the face of your slave when you strike them (so it is okay to beat them, just not on the face): Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 9:174 (English Translation Reference).

 

"Abu Hurayra reported that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "When one of you strikes his servant, let him avoid his face."" (Al-Adab Al-Mufrad 9:174. English Translation)

 

 

 

 

Muhammad's Hatred and Intolerance for Jews and Christians:

He cursed Jews and Christians on his deathbed: Sahih Al-Bukhari 56:660 (3453); Sahih Muslim 4:1082 (1187); Muwatta Malik 45:17.

 

"Narrated 'Aishah and Ibn 'Abbās: On his deathbed Allah's Messenger put a sheet over his face and  when he felt hot, he would remove it from his face. When in that state (of putting and removing the sheet) he said, "May Allah's Curse be on the Jews and the Christians for they built places of worship at the graves of their Prophets." (By that) he intended to warn (the Muslims) from what they (i.e., Jews and Christians) had done." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 3453)

 

"'Aishah and 'Abdullah bin 'Abbas said: "When the Messenger of Allah was dying, he drew the blanket over his face, then when the pains of death grew too intense, he uncovered his face and said: 'May Allah curse the Jews and the Christians; they took the graves of their Prophets as Masajid,' warning against doing what they had done."" (Sahih Muslim 1187)

 

"Yahya related to me from Malik from Ismail ibn Abi Hakim that he heard Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz say, "One of the last things that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said was, 'May Allah fight the jews and the christians. They took the graves of their Prophets as places of prostration. Two deens shall not co-exist in the land of the Arabs.'"" (Muwatta Malik 45:17. USC-MSA)

 

"Yahya related to me from Malik from Ismail ibn Abi Hakim that he heard Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz say, "One of the last things that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said was, 'May Allah fight the jews and the christians. They took the graves of their Prophets as places of prostration. Two deens shall not co-exist in the land of the Arabs.'"" (Muwatta Malik 45:17. Translation by `A'isha `Abdarahman at-Tarjumana and Ya`qub Johnson)

 

 

 

 

He said he would expel Jews and Christians from the Arabian peninsula and will not leave any but Muslim: Sahih Muslim 19:4366 (4594).

 

"Jabir bin 'Abdullah said: 'Umar bin Al-Khattab said that he heard the Messenger of Allah say: "I shall certainly expel the Jews and Christians from the Arabian Peninsula, until I leave only Muslims there."" (Sahih Muslim 4594)

 

 

 

 

He said Christians and Jews are the worst of all creatures: Surah 98:6.

 

"The unbelievers of the People of the Book and the idolaters shall be in the Fire of Gehenna, therein dwelling forever; those are the worst of creatures." (Surah 98:6. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Lo! those who disbelieve, among the People of the Scripture and the idolaters, will abide in fire of hell. They are the worst of created beings." (Surah 98:6. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He said there shall be no two faiths in the land of the Arabs (so no room for Jews and Christians): Muwatta Malik 45:17, 45:18.

 

"Yahya related to me from Malik from Ismail ibn Abi Hakim that he heard Umar ibn Abd al-Aziz say, "One of the last things that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said was, 'May Allah fight the jews and the christians. They took the graves of their Prophets as places of prostration. Two deens shall not co-exist in the land of the Arabs.'"" (Muwatta Malik 45:17. Translation by `A'isha `Abdarahman at-Tarjumana and Ya`qub Johnson)

 

"Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Two deens shall not co-exist in the Arabian Peninsula."

Malik said that Ibn Shihab said, ''Umar ibn al-Khattab searched for information about that until he was absolutely convinced that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, had said, 'Two deens shall not co-exist in the Arabian Peninsula,' and he therefore expelled the jews from Khaybar."" (Muwatta Malik 45:18. Translation by `A'isha `Abdarahman at-Tarjumana and Ya`qub Johnson)

 

 

 

 

He said to turn the pagans out of the Arabian Peninsula (so no room for Jews and Christians): Sahih Al-Bukhari 59:716 (4431).

 

"Narrated Ibn 'Abbas' Thursday! And how great that Thursday was! The ailment of Allah's Messenger became worse (on Thursday) and he said, "Fetch me something so that I may write to you something after which you will never go astray."  The people (present there) differed in this matter, and it was not right to differ before a Prophet. Some said, "What is wrong with him? (Do you think) he is delirious (seriously ill)? Ask him (to understand his state) ." So they went to the Prophet, and asked him again. The Prophet said, "Leave me, for my present state is better than what you call me for."  Then he ordered them to do three things. He said, "Turn Al-Mushrikun [polytheists, pagans, idolaters, and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah and in His Messenger Muhammad] out of the Arabian Peninsula; respect and give gifts to the foreign delegations as you have seen me dealing with them." (Sa'id bin Jubair, the subnarrator said that Ibn 'Abbas kept quiet as regards the third order, or he said, "I forgot it.")" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 4431)

 

 

 

 

He beheaded hundreds of Jews: Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 464.

 

“Then they surrendered, and the apostle confined them in Medina in the quarter of d. al-Harith, a woman of B. al-Najjar. Then the apostle went out to the market of Medina (which is still Its market today) and dug trenches in it. Then he sent for them and struck off their heads in those trenches as they were brought out to him in batches. Among them was the enemy of Allah Huyayy b. Akhtab and Ka'b b. Asad their chief. There were 600 or 700 in all, though some put the figure as high as 800 or 900. As they were being taken out in batches to the apostle they asked Ka’b what he thought would be done with them. He replied, ‘Will you never understand? Don't you see that the summoner never stops and those who are taken away do not return? By Allah it is death!' This went on until the apostle made an end of them.” (Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 464)

 

 

 

 

He told Muslims not to befriend nonbelievers (Jews and Christians would fall into the category of nonbeliever): Surah 3:28, 5:51.

 

"Let not the believers take the unbelievers for friends, rather than the believers -- for whoso does that belongs not to God in anything -- unless you have a fear of them. God warns you that You beware of Him, and unto God is the homecoming." (Surah 3:28. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Let not the believers take disbelievers for their friends in preference to believers. Whoso doeth that hath no connection with Allah unless (it be) that ye but guard yourselves against them, taking (as it were) security. Allah biddeth you beware (only) of Himself. Unto Allah is the journeying." (Surah 3:28. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"O believers, take not Jews and Christians as friends; they are friends of each other. Whoso of you makes them his friends is one of them. God guides not the people of the evildoers." (Surah 5:51. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"O ye who believe! Take not the Jews and the Christians for friends. They are friends one to another. He among you who taketh them for friends is (one) of them. Lo! Allah guideth not wrongdoing folk." (Surah 5:51. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He led an attack on unarmed Jews: Sahih Al-Bukhari 11:584 (610).

 

"Narrated Anas bin Malik: "Whenever the Prophet went out with us to fight (in Allah's Cause) against any nation, he never allowed us to attack till morning and he would wait and see. If he heard Adhan he would postpone the attack, and if he did not hear Adhan he would attack them." Anas added, "We reached Khaibar at night and in the morning when he did not hear the Adhan for the prayer, he (the Prophet rode and I rode behind Abi Talha and my foot was touching that of the Prophet.

        "The inhabitants of Khaibar came out with their baskets and spades and when they saw the Prophet they shouted 'Muhammad! By Allah, Muhammad and his army.' When Allah's Messenger saw them, he said, 'Allahu Akbar! Allahu Akbar! Khaibar is ruined. Whenever we approach a (hostile) nation (to fight), then evil will be the morning of those who have been warned."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 610)

 

 

 

 

He commanded his followers to fight and kill the unbelievers (which would be Jews & Christians): Surah 2:191, 216, 244, 8:39, 9:5, 29, 73, 66:9; Sahih Al-Bukhari 2:24 (25).

 

"And slay them wherever you come upon them, and expel them from where they expelled you; persecution is more grievous than slaying. But fight them not by the Holy Mosque until they should fight you there; then, if they fight you, slay them -- such is the recompense of unbelievers." (Surah 2:191. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"And slay them wherever ye find them, and drive them out of the places whence they drove you out, for persecution is worse than slaughter. And fight not with them at the Inviolable Place of Worship until they first attack you there, but if they attack you (there) then slay them. Such is the reward of disbelievers." (Surah 2:191. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Prescribed for you is fighting, though it be hateful to you. Yet it may happen that you will hate a thing which is better for you; and it may happen that you will love a thing which is worse for you; God knows, and you know not." (Surah 2:216. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Warfare is ordained for you, though it is hateful unto you; but it may happen that ye hate a thing which is good for you, and it may happen that ye love a thing which is bad for you. Allah knoweth, ye know not." (Surah 2:216. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"So fight in God's way, and know that God is All-hearing, All-knowing." (Surah 2:244. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Fight in the way of Allah, and know that Allah is Hearer, Knower." (Surah 2:244. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Fight them, till there is no persecution and the religion is God's entirely; then if they give over, surely God sees the things they do." (Surah 8:39. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is all for Allah. But if they cease, then lo! Allah is Seer of what they do." (Surah 8:39. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Then, when the sacred months are drawn away, slay the idolaters wherever you find them, and take them, and confine them, and lie in wait for them at every place of ambush. But if they repent, and perform the prayer, and pay the alms, then let them go their way; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate." (Surah 9:5. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Then, when the sacred months have passed, slay the idolaters wherever ye find them, and take them (captive), and besiege them, and prepare for them each ambush. But if they repent and establish worship and pay the poor-due, then leave their way free. Lo! Allah is Forgiving, Merciful." (Surah 9:5. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Fight those who believe not in God and the Last Day and do not forbid what God and His Messenger have forbidden -- such men as practise not the religion of truth, being of those who have been given the Book -- until they pay the tribute out of hand and have been humbled." (Surah 9:29. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Fight against such of those who have been given the Scripture as believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, and forbid not that which Allah hath forbidden by His messenger, and follow not the Religion of Truth, until they pay the tribute readily, being brought low." (Surah 9:29. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"O Prophet, struggle with the unbelievers and hypocrites, and be thou harsh with them; their refuge is Gehenna -- an evil homecoming!" (Surah 9:73. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"O Prophet! Strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites! Be harsh with them. Their ultimate abode is hell, a hapless journey's end." (Surah 9:73. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"O Prophet, struggle with the unbelievers and the hypocrites, and be thou harsh with them; their refuge shall be Gehenna -- an evil homecoming!" (Surah 66:9. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"O Prophet! Strive against the disbelievers and the hypocrites, and be stern with them. Hell will be their home, a hapless journey's end." (Surah 66:9. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Allah's Messenger said: "I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight against the people till they testify that La ilaha illallah, wa anna Muhammad-ar-Rasul-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah), and perform As-Salat [Iqamat-as-Salat (prayers)] and give Zakat so if they perform all that, then they save their lives and properties from me except for Islamic laws, and their reckoning (accounts) will be with (done by) Allah."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 25)

 

 

 

 

He commanded Muslims to fight the unbelievers (which would be Jews & Christians) until the pay the jizya tax: Surah 9:29.

 

"Fight those who believe not in God and the Last Day and do not forbid what God and His Messenger have forbidden -- such men as practise not the religion of truth, being of those who have been given the Book -- until they pay the tribute out of hand and have been humbled." (Surah 9:29. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Fight against such of those who have been given the Scripture as believe not in Allah nor the Last Day, and forbid not that which Allah hath forbidden by His messenger, and follow not the Religion of Truth, until they pay the tribute readily, being brought low." (Surah 9:29. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He commanded Muslims to fight against people until they believed in Allah (which means people aren't allowed to be a Jew or a Christian): Surah 8:39.

 

"Fight them, till there is no persecution and the religion is God's entirely; then if they give over, surely God sees the things they do." (Surah 8:39. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"And fight them until persecution is no more, and religion is all for Allah. But if they cease, then lo! Allah is Seer of what they do." (Surah 8:39. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He said he was ordered by Allah to fight against people until they worshipped only Allah and believed he was an apostle (which means he was ordered to fight against Jews and Christians): Sahih Al-Bukhari 2:24 (25); Sahih Muslim 1:33 (129).

 

"Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Allah's Messenger said: "I have been ordered (by Allah) to fight against the people till they testify that La ilaha illallah, wa anna Muhammad-ar-Rasul-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah), and perform As-Salat [Iqamat-as-Salat (prayers)] and give Zakat so if they perform all that, then they save their lives and properties from me except for Islamic laws, and their reckoning (accounts) will be with (done by) Allah."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 25)

 

"It was narrated that 'Abdullah bin 'Umar said: "The Messenger of Allah said: 'I have been commanded to fight the people until they bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, and they establish the Salat and pay Zakat. If they do that, then their blood and wealth are protected from me [except for a right that is due], and their reckoning with be with Allah."" (Sahih Muslim 129)

 

 

 

 

He said kill anybody who leaves Islam (so no one could leave Islam to be a Jew or Christian): Surah 4:89; Sahih Al-Bukhari 52:260 (3017), 84:57 (6922), 84:58 (6923), 84:64 (6930), 89:271 (7157).

 

"They wish that you should disbelieve as they disbelieve, and then you would be equal; therefore take not to yourselves friends of them, until they emigrate in the way of God; then, if they turn their backs, take them, and slay them wherever you find them; take not to yourselves any one of them as friend or helper." (Surah 4:89. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"They long that ye should disbelieve even as they disbelieve, that ye may be upon a level (with them). So choose not friends from them till they forsake their homes in the way of Allah; if they turn back (to enmity) then take them and kill them wherever ye find them, and choose no friend nor helper from among them." (Surah 4:89. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Narrated 'Ikrima: 'Ali burnt some people and this news reached Ibn 'Abbas, who said, "Had I been in his place I would not have burnt them, as the Prophet said, 'Don't punish (anybody) with Allah's punishment.' No doubt, I would have killed them, for the Prophet said, 'If somebody (a Muslim) discards his religion, kill him."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 3017)

 

"Narrated 'Ikrima: Some Zanadiqa (atheists) were brought to 'Ali; and he burnt them. The news of this event reached Ibn 'Abbas who said, "If I had been in his place, I would not have burnt them, as Allah's Messenger forbade it, saying, 'Do not punish anybody with Allah's punishment (fire).' I would have killed them according to the statement of Allah's Messenger, 'Whoever changed his Islamic religion, then kill him.'"" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6922)

 

"Narrated Abu Burda: Abu Musa said, "I came to the Prophet along with two men (from the tribe) of Ash'ariyun, one on my right and the other on my left, while Allah's Messenger was brushing his teeth (with a Siwak), and both men asked him for some employment. The Prophet said, 'O Abu Musa, O 'Abdullah bin Qais', I said, 'By Him Who sent you with the Truth, these two men did not tell me what was in their hearts and I did not feel (realize) that they were seeking employment.' As if I were looking now at his Siwak being drawn to a corner under his lips, and he said, 'We never (or said, 'we do not') appoint for our affairs anyone who seeks to be employed. But O Abu Musa!' or said, 'Abdullah bin Qais! Go to Yemen.'" The Prophet then sent Mu'adh bin Jabal after him and when Mu'adh reached him, he spread out a cushion for him and requested him to get down (and sit on the cushion). Behold! There was a fettered man beside Aba Musa. Mu'adh asked, 'Who is this (man)?' Abu Musa said, 'He was a Jew and became a Muslim and then reverted back to Judaism.' Then Abu Musa requested Mu'adh to sit down but Mu'adh said, 'I will not sit down till he has been killed. This is the judgement of Allah and His Messenger (for such cases),' and repeated it thrice. Then Abu Musa ordered that the man be killed, and he was killed." Abu Musa added, "Then we discussed the night (Tahajjud) prayers and one of us said, 'I offer (prayer) and sleep, and I hope that Allah will reward me for my sleep as well as for my waking up (for prayers)'."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6923)

 

"Narrated 'Ali: Whenever I tell you a narration from Allah's Messenger, by Allah, I would rather fall down from the sky than ascribe a false statement to him, but if I tell you something between me and you (not a Hadith) then it was indeed a trick (i.e., I may say things just to cheat my enemy). No doubt I heard Allah's Messenger saying, "During the last days there will appear some young foolish people who will say the best words but their Faith will not go beyond their throats (i.e., they will have no Faith) and will go out from (leave) their religion as an arrow goes out of the game. So, wherever you find them, kill them, for whoever kills them shall have reward on the Day of Resurrection."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6930)

 

"Narrated Abu Musa: A man embraced Islam and then reverted back to Judaism. Mu'adh bin Jabal came and saw the man with Abu Musa. Mu'adh asked, "What is wrong with this (man)?" Abu Musa replied, "He embraced Islam and then reverted back to Judaism." Mu'adh said, "I will not sit down unless you kill him (as it is) the verdict of Allah and His Messenger."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 7157)

 

 

 

 

People in the early Islamic community pretended to be followers of Islam because they feared being killed by Muslims (because they weren't allowed to be anything but Muslim, so Jews and Christians were not welcome): Surah 9:56-57.

 

"They swear by God that they belong with you, but they are not of you they are a people that are afraid. If they could find a shelter, or some caverns, or any place to creep into, they would turn about and bolt away to it." (Surah 9:56-57. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"And they swear by Allah that they are in truth of you, when they are not of you, but they are folk who are afraid. Had they but found a refuge, or caverns, or a place to enter, they surely had resorted thither swift as runaways." (Surah 9:56-57. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He would break everything brought into his house that had a cross on it: This tradition is reported by Al-Waqidi, and is in William Muir's The Life of Mahomet, Volume III, page 61, note 47.

 

"It is there added that he had such a repugnance to the form of the cross that he broke everything brought into his house with that figure upon it. This may, however, have been symbolical of his extreme aversion to the doctrine of the crucifixion." (William Muir's The Life of Mahomet, Volume III, page 61, note 47)

 

 

 

 

Muhammad's Racism:

 

He was a white man (Sahih Al-Bukhari 3:63 (63); Sahih Muslim 30:5777 (6071), 30:5778 (6072), 30:5786 (6081)) who owned black slaves: Sahih Al-Bukhari 73:182 (6161); Sahih Muslim 10:3901 (4113).

 

"Narrated Anas bin Malik: While we were sitting with the Prophet in the mosque, a man came riding on a camel. He made his camel kneel down in the mosque, tied its foreleg and then said: "Who amongst you is Muhammad?" At that time the Prophet was sitting amongst us (his Companions) leaning on his arm. We replied, "This white man reclining on his arm." The man then addressed him, "O son of 'Abdul Muttalib." The Prophet , said, "I am here to answer your questions." The man said to the Prophet, "want to ask you something and will be hard in questioning. So do not get angry." The Prophet said, "Ask whatever you want." The man said, "I ask you by your Lord, and the Lord of those who were before you, has Allah sent you as a Messenger to all the mankind?" The Prophet , replied, "By Allah, yes." The man further said, "I ask you by Allah. Has Allah ordered you to offer five Salat (prayers) in a day and night (24 hours)?" He replied, "By Allah, yes." The man further said, "I ask you by Allah! Has Allah ordered you to observe Saum (fasts) during this month of the year (i.e., Ramadan)?" He replied, "By Allah, yes." The man further said, "I ask you by Allah. Has Allah ordered you to take Zakat from our rich people and distribute it amongst our poor people?" The Prophet replied, "By Allah, yes." Thereupon that man said. "I have believed in all that with which you have been sent, and I have been sent by my people as a messenger, and I am Dimam bin Tha'laba from the brothers of Bani Sa'd bin Bakr."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 63)

 

"It was narrated from Al-Jurairi from Abu At-Tufail: "I said to him: 'Did you see the Messenger of Allah? He said: 'Yes, he was white with an elegant face."

        Muslim bin Al-Hajjaj said: Abu At-Tufail died in 100 AH, and he was the last of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah to die." (Sahih Muslim 6071)

 

"It was narrated that Abu At-Tufail said: "I saw the Messenger of Allah and there is no one else (left) on the face of the earth who saw him apart from me." He (the narrator) said: "I said to him: 'How did you see him?' He said: 'He was white and elegant, of average height and build."" (Sahih Muslim 6072)

 

"It was narrated that Abu Juhaifah said: "I saw the Messenger of Allah with a white complexion and some white hairs. Al-Hasan bin 'Ali resembled him."" (Sahih Muslim 6081)

 

"Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Messenger was on a journey and he had a black slave called Anjasha, and he was driving the camels (very fast, and there were women riding on those camels). Allah's Messenger said, "Waihaka (may Allah be Merciful to you) O Anjasha! Drive slowly (the camels) with the glass vessels (women)!"" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 6161)

 

"It was narrated that Jabir said: "A slave came and swore allegiance to the Prophet, pledging to emigrate, and he did not realize that he was a slave. Then his master came looking for him. The Prophet said: 'Sell him to me,' and he bought him for two black slaves. Then after that he did not accept the oath of allegiance of anyone until he had asked: 'Is he a slave?"" (Sahih Muslim 4113)

 

 

 

 

He compared black people's heads to raisins: Sahih Al-Bukhari 89:256 (7142).

 

"Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Messenger said, "You should listen to and obey your Imam (Muslim ruler) even if he was an Ethiopian (black) slave whose head looks like a raisin."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 7142)

 

 

 

 

He said the devil looks like a black man: Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 243.

 

"A man of B. al-'Ajlan told me that he was told that Gabriel came to the apostle and said, 'There comes to sit with you a black man with long flowing hair, ruddy cheeks, and inflamed eyes like two copper pots. His heart is more gross than a donkey's; he carries your words to the hypocrites, so beware of him. This, so they say, was the description of Nabtal." (Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 243)

 

 

 

 

He interpreted a dream of a black woman as a sign of a disease: Sahih Al-Bukhari 87:161 (7038), 87:162 (7039), 87:163 (7040).

 

"Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar: The Prophet said, "I saw (in a dream) a black woman with unkempt hair going out of Al-Madina and settling at Mahya'a, i.e., AI-Juhfa. I interpreted that as a symbol of epidemic of Al-Madina being transferred to that place (Al-Jubfa)."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 7038)

 

"Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar concerning the dream of the Prophet in Al-Madina: The Prophet said, "I saw (in a dream) a black woman with unkempt hair going out of Al-Madina and settling at Mahya'a, I interpreted that as (a symbol of) the epidemic of Al-Madina being transferred to Mahya'a, i.e., Al-Juhfa."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 7039)

 

"Narrated Salim's father: The Prophet said, "I saw (in a dream) a black woman with unkempt hair going out of Al-Madina and settling in Mahya'a. I interpreted that as (a symbol of) the epidemic of Al-Madina being transferred to Mahya'a, i.e., Al-Juhfa."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 7040)

 

 

 

 

He said black dogs are a devil: Sahih Muslim 4:1032 (1137).

 

"It was narrated from 'Abdullah bin As-Samit, from Abu Dharr,  who said: "The Messenger of Allah said: 'When one of you stands to offer prayer, he will be screened if he has something in front of him that is like the back of a saddle. If he does not have something in front of him that is like the back of a saddle, then his prayer will be interrupted if a donkey, a woman or a black dog passes in front of him."

        I said: "O Abu Dharr!  What is the difference between a black dog, and a red or yellow dog?" He said: "O son of my brother, I asked the Messenger of Allah the same question and he said: 'The black dog is a devil."" (Sahih Muslim 1137)

 

 

 

 

He said a black man from Ethiopia will destroy the Kaaba: Sahih Al-Bukhari 26:661 (1591), 26:665 (1595), 26:666 (1596).

 

"Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Prophet said, "Dhus-Suwaiqatain (literally: One with two thin legs) from Ethiopia will demolish the Ka'bah."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 1591)

 

"Narrated Ibn 'Abbas: The Prophet, said, "As if I am looking at him, a black person with thin legs plucking out the stones of the Ka'bah one after another."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 1595)

 

"Narrated Abu Hurairah: Allah's Messenger said, "Dhus-Suwaiqatain (the thin-legged man) from Ethiopia will demolish the Ka'bah."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 1596)

 

 

 

 

He called children playing with a black woman "shayatin" (evil spirits): Jami At-Tirmidhi 3691 (Dar-us-Salam Reference).

 

"'Aishah narrated that the Messenger of Allah was sitting  and we heard a scream and the  voices of children. So the Messenger of Allah arose, and it was an Ethiopian woman, prancing around while the children played around her. So he said: 'O 'Aishah, come (and) see.' So I came, and I put my chin upon the shoulder of the Messenger of Allah and I began to watch her from between his shoulder and his head, and he said to me: 'Have you had enough, have you had enough?'" She said: "so I kept saying: 'No,' to see my status with him. Then 'Umar appeared." She said: "So they dispersed." She said: "So the Messenger of Allah said: 'Indeed I see the Shayatin among men and jinn have run from 'Umar.' She said: 'So I returned.'"" (Hasan) (Jami At-Tirmidhi 3691)

 

 

 

 

He said on the day of resurrection some faces will be whitened and some faces will be blackened, and the people with the blackened faces will go to hell and the people with the whitened faces will go to paradise: Surah 3:106-107.

 

"The day when some faces are blackened, and some faces whitened. As for those whose faces are blackened -- 'Did you disbelieve after you had believed? Then taste the chastisement for that you disbelieved!' But as for those whose faces are whitened, they shall be in God's mercy, therein dwelling forever." (Surah 3:106-107. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"On the Day when (some) faces will be whitened and (some) faces will be blackened; and as for those whose faces have been blackened, it will be said unto them: Disbelieved ye after your (profession of) belief? Then taste the punishment for that ye disbelieved. And as for those whose faces have been whitened, in the mercy of Allah they dwell for ever." (Surah 3:106-107. Translation by Pickthall)