Muhammad's Oppression and Mistreatment of Women

*Unless otherwise noted, all quotes from the Hadith are from Dar-us-Salam Publishers, a publishing house founded in 1986 in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. All numbers in parentheses are the Dar-us-Salam number. Behind the quotes from the Quran there will be a set of parenthesis that will indicate which translation was used for that quote. Some of the Hadith will contain one of 4 ratings: Sahih (sound), Hasan (good), Da'if (weak), and Maudu' (Fabricated). These ratings are supposed to indicate the authenticity of the Hadith, and the ratings used are the ratings that are published by Dar-us-Salam Publishers. In Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim, which are considered the most authentic Hadith collections, there are no individual Hadith ratings. The reason for this is because all of the Hadiths in these two sets are Sahih, as the titles of these sets (Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim) demonstrate. Therefore, all of the Hadiths found in Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim are considered to be reliable and sound by Muslim scholars.*

Muhammad Was Misogynistic and Abusive Toward Women:

Muhammad married a 6 year old girl named Aisha: Sahih Al-Bukhari 58:234 (3894), 58:236 (3896), 62:64 (5133), 62:65 (5134), 62:88 (5158); Sahih Muslim 8:3309 (3479), 8:3310 (3480). (This verse says Aisha was 7 years old: Sahih Muslim 8:3311 (3481). This verse says 6 or 7: Sunan Abu Dawud 2121 [Dar-us-Salam Reference]).

 

"Narrated 'Aishah: My marriage (wedding) contract with the Prophet was written when I was a girl of six (years). We came to Al-Madina and we dismounted at the place of Bani Al-Harith bin Khazraj. Then I got ill and my hair fell down. Later on, my hair grew (again) and my mother, Umm Raman, came to me while I was playing in a swing with some of my girl friends. She called me, and I went to her, not knowing what she wanted to do to me. She caught me by the hand and made me stand at the door of the house. I was breathless then, and when my breathing became normal, she took some water and rubbed my face and head with it. Then she took me into the house. There in the house I saw some Ansari women who said, "Best wishes and Allah's Blessing and good luck." Then she entrusted me to them and they prepared me (for the marriage). Unexpectedly Allah's Messenger came to me in the forenoon and my mother handed me over to him, and at that time I was a girl of nine years of age." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 3894)

 

"Narrated Hisham's father: Khadija died three years before the Prophet departed to Al-Madina. He stayed there for two years or so and then he wrote the marriage (wedding) contract with 'Aishah when she was a girl of six years of age, and he consumed that marriage when she was nine years old." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 3896)

 

"Narrated 'Aishah that the Prophet wrote the marriage contract with her when she was six years old and he consummated his marriage when she was nine years old, and then she remained with him for nine years (i.e. till his death)." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 5133)

 

"Narrated 'Aishah that the Prophet wrote the marriage contract with her when she was six years old and he consummated his marriage when she was nine years old. Hisham said: "I have been informed that 'Aishah remained with the Prophet for nine years (i.e. till his death)."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 5134)

 

"Narrated 'Urwa: The Prophet wrote the (marriage contract) with 'Aisha while she was six years old and consummated his marriage with her while she was nine years old and she remained with him for nine years (i.e. till his death)." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 5158)

 

"It was narrated that 'Aishah said: "The Messenger of Allah married me when I was six years old and he lived with me when I was nine years old."
        She said: "We came to Al-Madinah and I fell sick for a month and my hair came down to my neck. Umm Ruman came to me when I was on a swing and some of my friends were with me. She called me loudly and I went to her, and I did not know what she wanted of me. She took me by the hand and made me stand at the door. I said: 'Hah, Hah (as if gasping for breath)' until I had calmed down, then she took me into a house where there were some women of the Ansar who said: 'With good wishes, and blessings, and good fortune.' She handed me over to them and they washed my hair and adorned me, and then suddenly the Messenger of Allah was there, and they handed me over to him."" (Sahih Muslim 3479)

 

"It was narrated that 'Aishah said: "The Prophet married me when I was six years old, and consummated the marriage with me when I was nine years old."" (Sahih Muslim 3480)

 

"It was narrated from 'Aishah that the Prophet married her when she was seven years old and she was taken to him as a bride when she was nine years old, and she took her dolls with her. He died when she was eighteen years old." (Sahih Muslim 3481)

 

"'Aishah narrated: "The Messenger of Allah married me while I was a girl of seven years" - Sulaiman (one of the narrators said: "or six," - and he consummated the marriage when I was a girl of nine."" (Sahih) (Sunan Abu Dawud 2121)

 


He had sex with a 9 year old named Aisha (and he was over 50 years old): Sahih Al-Bukhari 58:234 (3894), 58:236 (3896), 62:64 (5133), 62:65 (5134), 62:88 (5158); Sahih Muslim 8:3310 (3480), 8:3311 (3481); Sunan Abu Dawud 2121 (Dar-us-Salam Reference).

 

"Narrated 'Aishah: My marriage (wedding) contract with the Prophet was written when I was a girl of six (years). We came to Al-Madina and we dismounted at the place of Bani Al-Harith bin Khazraj. Then I got ill and my hair fell down. Later on, my hair grew (again) and my mother, Umm Raman, came to me while I was playing in a swing with some of my girl friends. She called me, and I went to her, not knowing what she wanted to do to me. She caught me by the hand and made me stand at the door of the house. I was breathless then, and when my breathing became normal, she took some water and rubbed my face and head with it. Then she took me into the house. There in the house I saw some Ansari women who said, "Best wishes and Allah's Blessing and good luck." Then she entrusted me to them and they prepared me (for the marriage). Unexpectedly Allah's Messenger came to me in the forenoon and my mother handed me over to him, and at that time I was a girl of nine years of age." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 3894)

"Narrated Hisham's father: Khadija died three years before the Prophet departed to Al-Madina. He stayed there for two years or so and then he wrote the marriage (wedding) contract with 'Aishah when she was a girl of six years of age, and he consumed that marriage when she was nine years old." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 3896)

"Narrated 'Aishah that the Prophet wrote the marriage contract with her when she was six years old and he consummated his marriage when she was nine years old, and then she remained with him for nine years (i.e. till his death)." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 5133)

"Narrated 'Aishah that the Prophet wrote the marriage contract with her when she was six years old and he consummated his marriage when she was nine years old. Hisham said: "I have been informed that 'Aishah remained with the Prophet for nine years (i.e. till his death)."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 5134)

"Narrated 'Urwa: The Prophet wrote the (marriage contract) with 'Aisha while she was six years old and consummated his marriage with her while she was nine years old and she remained with him for nine years (i.e. till his death)." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 5158)

"It was narrated that 'Aishah said: "The Prophet married me when I was six years old, and consummated the marriage with me when I was nine years old."" (Sahih Muslim 3480)

"It was narrated from 'Aishah that the Prophet married her when she was seven years old and she was taken to him as a bride when she was nine years old, and she took her dolls with her. He died when she was eighteen years old." (Sahih Muslim 3481)

"'Aishah narrated: "The Messenger of Allah married me while I was a girl of seven years" - Sulaiman (one of the narrators said: "or six," - and he consummated the marriage when I was a girl of nine."" (Sahih) (Sunan Abu Dawud 2121)

 

 

 

 

 


He allowed men to marry and have sex with prepubescent girls: Surah 65:4 (Surah 33:49 says there is no waiting period for a man to divorce his wife if he has not had sex with her, and Surah 65:4 prescribes a waiting period for men who want to divorce their prepubescent child-brides. This presupposes that the men have had sex with the prepubescent girls).

 

"As for your women who have despaired of further menstruating, if you are in doubt, their period shall be three months; and those who have not menstruated as yet. And those who are with child, their term is when they bring forth their burden. Whoso fears God, God will appoint for him, of His command, easiness." (Surah 65:4. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"And for such of your women as despair of menstruation, if ye doubt, their period (of waiting) shall be three months, along with those who have it not. And for those with child, their period shall be till they bring forth their burden. And whosoever keepeth his duty to Allah, He maketh his course easy for him." (Surah 65:4. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"O believers, when you marry believing women and then divorce them before you touch them, you have no period to reckon against them; so make provision for them, and set them free with kindliness." (Surah 33:49. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"O ye who believe! If ye wed believing women and divorce them before ye have touched them, then there is no period that ye should reckon. But content them and release them handsomely." (Surah 33:49. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 


He allowed men to beat their wives into submission: Surah 4:34; Sunan Abu Dawud 11:2141 (2146).

 

"Men are the managers of the affairs of women for that God has preferred in bounty one of them over another, and for that they have expended of their property. Righteous women are therefore obedient, guarding the secret for God's guarding. And those you fear may be rebellious admonish; banish them to their couches, and beat them. If they then obey you, look not for any way against them; God is All-high, All-great." (Surah 4:34. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Men are in charge of women, because Allah hath made the one of them to excel the other, and because they spend of their property (for the support of women). So good women are the obedient, guarding in secret that which Allah hath guarded. As for those from whom ye fear rebellion, admonish them and banish them to beds apart, and scourge them. Then if they obey you, seek not a way against them. Lo! Allah is ever High, Exalted, Great." (Surah 4:34. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Iyas bin 'Abdullah bin Abi Dhubab narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: "Do not hit the maid-servants (the women) of Allah." So 'Umar came to the Messenger of Allah and said: "The women have become rebellious against their husbands." So he permitted them to hit them, and many women then visited the wives of the Messenger of Allah, complaining about their husbands. The Prophet said "Many women have come to the wives of Muhammad complaining against their husbands; these men are not the best of you."" (Sahih) (Sunan Abu Dawud 2146)

 

 

 

 


He hit his wife Aisha: Sahih Muslim 4:2127 (2256).

 

"It was narrated that Muhammad bin Qais bin Makhramah bin Al-Muttalib said one day: "Shall I not narrate to you from me and from my mother?" He (the narrator) said: "We thought that he meant his mother who had given birth to him." He said: 'Aishah said: 'Shall I not narrate to you from me and from the Messenger of Allah?' We said: 'Yes.' She said: 'When it was my night while the Messenger of Allah was with me, he came in and took off his Rida', took off his sandals and put them by his feet, spread the edge of his waist wrapper on his bed and lay down. He waited until he thought that I had gone to sleep, then he slowly picked up his Rida', slowly put on his sandals, opened the door slowly, and went out, then he closed it slowly. I put my chemise over my head and covered my head, and wrapped my waist wrapper around me, then I set out following him, until he reached Al-Baqi' where he stood for a long time, then he raised his hands three times. Then he set off, so I set off, then he hastened, so I hastened, then he jogged, so I jogged, then he ran so I ran, then I reached home before him and went in. No sooner had I laid down but he came in and said: "What is the matter, O 'Aish? Why are you out of breath?" I said: "It is nothing." He said: "Either you tell me or the Subtle One, the All-Aware will tell me." I said: "O Messenger of Allah, may my father and mother be sacrificed for you!" And I told him. He said: "So you were the person that I saw in front of me?" I said: "Yes." He gave me a painful shove on the chest, then he said: "Did you think that Allah and His Messenger would be unjust to you?" I said: "Whatever the people conceal, Allah knows it; yes." He said: "JibrIl came to me when you saw (me). He called me but he concealed it from you, and I answered him but I concealed it from you. He would not enter upon you when you were not fully dressed. I thought that you had gone to sleep and I did not want to wake you up, and I was afraid that you might be frightened." He (JibrIl) said: "Your Lord is commanding you to go to the people of Al-Baqi' and pray for forgiveness for them." I said: "What should I say to them, O Messenger of Allah?" He said: "Say: As-Salamu 'ala ahlid-diyari min al-mu'minin wal-muslimin wa yarhamullahul-mustaqdimin minna wal-musta'khirin, wa inna, in sha' Allahu bikum lalahiqun (Peace be upon the people of these abodes, believers and Muslims. May Allah have mercy on those of us who have gone on before and those who come later, and we will - if Allah wills - join you soon.)"" (Sahih Muslim 2256)

 

 

 

 


He said a man will not be asked as to why he beat his wife: Sunan Abu Dawud 11:2142 (2147); Sunan Ibn Majah 1986 (Dar-us-Salam Reference).

 

"'Umar bin Al-Khattab narrated that the Prophet said: "No man should be asked regarding why he hit his wife."" (Hasan) (Sunan Abu Dawud 2147)

 

"It was narrated that Ash'ath bin Qais said: "I was a guest (at the home) of 'Umar one night, and in the middle of the night he went and hit his wife, and I separated them. When he went to bed he said to me: 'O Ash'ath, learn from me something that I heard from the Messenger of Allah: "A man should not be asked why he beats his wife, and do not go to sleep until you have prayed the Witr."' And I forgot the third thing."" (Hasan) (Sunan Ibn Majah 1986)

 

 

 

 


He created a culture so abusive for women that Muhammad's own wife Aisha said that Muslim women suffered more than non Muslim women: Sahih Al-Bukhari 72:715 (5825).

"Narrated 'Ikrima: Rifa'a divorced his wife whereupon 'Abdur-Rahman bin Az-Zubair Al-Qurazi married her. 'Aishah said that the lady (came), wearing a green veil (and complained to her ('Aishah) of her husband and showed her a green spot on her skin caused by beating). It was the habit of ladies to support each other, so when Allah's Messenger came, 'Aishah said, 'I have not seen the women suffering as the believing women. Look! Her skin is greener than her clothes!" When 'Abdur-Rahman heard that his wife had gone to the Prophet, he came with his two sons from another wife. She said, "By Allah! I have done no wrong to him, but he is impotent and is as useless to me as this," holding and showing the fringe of her garment. 'Abdur-Rahman said, "By Allah, O Allah's Messenger! She has told a lie! I am very strong and can satisfy her but she is disobedient and wants to go back to Rifa'a." Allah's Messenger said, to her, "If that is your intention, then know that it is unlawful for you to re-marry Rifa'a unless 'Abdur-Rahman has had sexual intercourse with you." Then the Prophet saw boys with 'Abdur-Rahman and asked (him), "Are these your sons?" On that 'Abdur-Rahman said, "Yes." The Prophet said, "You claim what you claim (i.e., that he is impotent)? But by Allah, these boys resemble him as a crow resembles a crow."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 5825)

He said women were intellectually deficient: Sahih Al-Bukhari 6:301 (304), 24:541 (1462), 48:826 (2658).

 

"Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri: Once Allah's Messenger went out to the Musalla [(to offer the Salat (prayer)] of 'Eid-al-Adha or 'Eid-al-Fitr, and he passed by the women and said, "O you the assembly of women! Give alms, as I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-fire were you (women)." They asked, "Why is it so, O Allah's Messenger?" He replied, "You curse frequently and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. A cautious sensible man could be led astray by some of you." The women asked, "O Allah's Messenger! What is deficient in our intelligence and religion?" He said, "Is not the witness (evidence) of two women equal to the witness of one man?" They replied in the affirmative. He said, "This is the deficiency in her intelligence. Isn't it true that a woman can neither offer Salat (prayers) nor observe Saüm (fasting) during her menses?" The women replied in the affirmative. He said, "This is the deficiency in her religion."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 304)

 

"Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri: Once on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr or Eid-ul-Adha, Allah's Messenger went out to the Musalla (praying place). After finishing the Salat (prayer), he delivered the Khutba (religious talk) and ordered the people to give alms. He said, "O people! Give alms." Then he went towards the women and said, "O women! Give alms, for I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-fire were you (women)." The women asked, "O Allah's Messenger! What is the reason for it?" He replied, "O women! You curse frequently, and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. O women, some of you can lead a cautious wise man astray." Then he left. And when he reached his house, Zainab, the wife of Ibn Mas'ud, came and asked permission to enter. It was said, "O Allah's Messenger! It is Zainab." He asked, "Which Zainab?" The reply was that she was the wife of Ibn Mas'ud. He said, "Yes, allow her to enter." And she was admitted. Then she said, "O Prophet of Allah! Today, you ordered people to give alms and I had an ornament and intended to give it as alms, but Ibn Mas'ud said that he and his children deserved it more than anybody else." The Prophet replied, "Ibn Mas'ud had spoken the truth. Your husband and your children had more right to it than anybody else."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 1462)

 

"Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri: The Prophet said, "Isn't the witness of a woman equal to half of that of a man?" The women said, "Yes." He said, "This is because of the deficiency of a woman's mind."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 2658)

 

 

 

 

He said women were religiously deficient: Sahih Al-Bukhari 6:301 (304), 24:541 (1462).

 

"Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri: Once Allah's Messenger went out to the Musalla [(to offer the Salat (prayer)] of 'Eid-al-Adha or 'Eid-al-Fitr, and he passed by the women and said, "O you the assembly of women! Give alms, as I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-fire were you (women)." They asked, "Why is it so, O Allah's Messenger?" He replied, "You curse frequently and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. A cautious sensible man could be led astray by some of you." The women asked, "O Allah's Messenger! What is deficient in our intelligence and religion?" He said, "Is not the witness (evidence) of two women equal to the witness of one man?" They replied in the affirmative. He said, "This is the deficiency in her intelligence. Isn't it true that a woman can neither offer Salat (prayers) nor observe Saüm (fasting) during her menses?" The women replied in the affirmative. He said, "This is the deficiency in her religion."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 304)

 

"Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri: Once on the day of Eid-ul-Fitr or Eid-ul-Adha, Allah's Messenger went out to the Musalla (praying place). After finishing the Salat (prayer), he delivered the Khutba (religious talk) and ordered the people to give alms. He said, "O people! Give alms." Then he went towards the women and said, "O women! Give alms, for I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-fire were you (women)." The women asked, "O Allah's Messenger! What is the reason for it?" He replied, "O women! You curse frequently, and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. O women, some of you can lead a cautious wise man astray." Then he left. And when he reached his house, Zainab, the wife of Ibn Mas'ud, came and asked permission to enter. It was said, "O Allah's Messenger! It is Zainab." He asked, "Which Zainab?" The reply was that she was the wife of Ibn Mas'ud. He said, "Yes, allow her to enter." And she was admitted. Then she said, "O Prophet of Allah! Today, you ordered people to give alms and I had an ornament and intended to give it as alms, but Ibn Mas'ud said that he and his children deserved it more than anybody else." The Prophet replied, "Ibn Mas'ud had spoken the truth. Your husband and your children had more right to it than anybody else."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 1462)

 

 

 

 

He said two women were worth the witness of one man: Surah 2:282; Sahih Al-Bukhari 6:301 (304), 48:826 (2658).

 

"O believers, when you contract a debt one upon another for a stated term, write it down, and let a writer write it down between you justly, and let not any writer refuse to write it down, as God has taught him; so let him write, and let the debtor dictate, and let him fear God his Lord and not diminish aught of it. And if the debtor be a fool, or weak, or unable to dictate himself, then let his guardian dictate justly. And call in to witness two witnesses, men; or if the two be not men, then one man and two women, such witnesses as you approve of, that if one of the two women errs the other will remind her; and let the witnesses not refuse, whenever they are summoned. And be not loth to write it down, whether it be small or great, with its term; that is more equitable in God's sight, more upright for testimony, and likelier that you will not be in doubt. Unless it be merchandise present that you give and take between you; then it shall be no fault in you if you do not write it down. And take witnesses when you are trafficking one with another. And let not either writer or witness be pressed; or if you do, that is ungodliness in you. And fear God; God teaches you, and God has knowledge of everything." (Surah 2:282. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"O ye who believe! When ye contract a debt for a fixed term, record it in writing. Let a scribe record it in writing between you in (terms of) equity. No scribe should refuse to write as Allah hath taught him, so let him write, and let him who incurreth the debt dictate, and let him observe his duty to Allah his Lord, and diminish naught thereof. But if he who oweth the debt is of low understanding, or weak, or unable himself to dictate, then let the guardian of his interests dictate in (terms of) equity. And call to witness, from among your men, two witnesses. And if two men be not (at hand) then a man and two women, of such as ye approve as witnesses, so that if the one erreth (through forgetfulness) the other will remember. And the witnesses must not refuse when they are summoned. Be not averse to writing down (the contract) whether it be small or great, with (record of) the term thereof. That is more equitable in the sight of Allah and more sure for testimony, and the best way of avoiding doubt between you; save only in the case when it is actual merchandise which ye transfer among yourselves from hand to hand. In that case it is no sin for you if ye write it not. And have witnesses when ye sell one to another, and let no harm be done to scribe or witness. If ye do (harm to them) lo! it is a sin in you. Observe your duty to Allah. Allah is teaching you. And Allah is knower of all things." (Surah 2:282. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri: Once Allah's Messenger went out to the Musalla [(to offer the Salat (prayer)] of 'Eid-al-Adha or 'Eid-al-Fitr, and he passed by the women and said, "O you the assembly of women! Give alms, as I have seen that the majority of the dwellers of Hell-fire were you (women)." They asked, "Why is it so, O Allah's Messenger?" He replied, "You curse frequently and are ungrateful to your husbands. I have not seen anyone more deficient in intelligence and religion than you. A cautious sensible man could be led astray by some of you." The women asked, "O Allah's Messenger! What is deficient in our intelligence and religion?" He said, "Is not the witness (evidence) of two women equal to the witness of one man?" They replied in the affirmative. He said, "This is the deficiency in her intelligence. Isn't it true that a woman can neither offer Salat (prayers) nor observe Saüm (fasting) during her menses?" The women replied in the affirmative. He said, "This is the deficiency in her religion."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 304)

 

"Narrated Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri: The Prophet said, "Isn't the witness of a woman equal to half of that of a man?" The women said, "Yes." He said, "This is because of the deficiency of a woman's mind."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 2658)

He allowed and encouraged his men to rape women: Surah 4:24, 23:6, 70:30; Sahih Al-Bukhari 59:459 (4138), 62:137 (5210); Sahih Muslim 8:3371 (3544), 8:3432 (3608), 8:3433 (3609); Sunan Abu Dawud 2155, 2172 (Dar-us-Salam Reference)

 

"Forbidden to you are your mothers and daughters, your sisters, your aunts paternal and maternal, your brother's daughters, your sister's daughters, your mothers who have given suck to you, your suckling sisters, your wives' mothers, your stepdaughters who are in your care being born of your wives you have been in to -- but if you have not yet been in to them it is no fault in you - and the spouses of your sons who are of your loins, and that you should take to you two sisters together, unless it be a thing of the past; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate; and wedded women, save what your right hands own. So God prescribes for you. Lawful for you, beyond all that, is that you may seek, using your wealth, in wedlock and not in licence. Such wives as you enjoy thereby, give them their wages apportionate; it is no fault in you in your agreeing together, after the due apportionate. God is All-knowing, All-wise." (Surah 4:23-24. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Forbidden unto you are your mothers, and your daughters, and your sisters, and your father's sisters, and your mother's sisters, and your brother's daughters and your sister's daughters, and your foster-mothers, and your foster-sisters, and your mothers-in-law, and your step-daughters who are under your protection (born) of your women unto whom ye have gone in - but if ye have not gone in unto them, then it is no sin for you (to marry their daughters) - and the wives of your sons who (spring) from your own loins. And (it is forbidden unto you) that ye should have two sisters together, except what hath already happened (of that nature) in the past. Lo! Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful. And all married women (are forbidden unto you) save those (captives) whom your right hands possess. It is a decree of Allah for you. Lawful unto you are all beyond those mentioned, so that ye seek them with your wealth in honest wedlock, not debauchery. And those of whom ye seek content (by marrying them), give unto them their portions as a duty. And there is no sin for you in what ye do by mutual agreement after the duty (hath been done). Lo! Allah is ever Knower, Wise." (Surah 4:23-24. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Prosperous are the believers who in their prayers are humble and from idle talk turn away and at almsgiving are active and guard their private parts save from their wives and what their right hands own then being not blameworthy." (Surah 23:1-6. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Successful indeed are the believers Who are humble in their prayers, And who shun vain conversation, And who are payers of the poor-due; And who guard their modesty - Save from their wives or the (slaves) that their right hands possess, for then they are not blameworthy." (Surah 23:1-6. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Surely man was created fretful, when evil visits him, impatient, when good visits him, grudging, save those that pray and continue at their prayers, those in whose wealth is a right known for the beggar and the outcast, who confirm the Day of Doom and go in fear of the chastisement of their Lord (from their Lord's chastisement none feels secure) and guard their private parts save from their wives and what their right hands own, then not being blameworthy." (Surah 70:19-30. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Lo! man was created anxious, Fretful when evil befalleth him And, when good befalleth him, grudging; Save worshippers. Who are constant at their worship And in whose wealth there is a right acknowledged For the beggar and the destitute; And those who believe in the Day of Judgment, And those who are fearful of their Lord's doom - Lo! the doom of their Lord is that before which none can feel secure - And those who preserve their chastity Save with their wives and those whom their right hands possess, for thus they are not blameworthy." (Surah 70:19-30. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Narrated Ibn Muhairiz: I entered the mosque and saw Abu Sa'id Al-Khudri and sat beside him and asked him about Al-Azl (i.e., coitus interruptus). Abu Sa'id said, "We went out with Allah's Messenger for the Ghazwa of Band Al-Mustaliq, and we received captives from among the Arab captives and we desired women and celibacy became hard on us and we loved to do coitus interruptus. So, when we intended to do coitus interruptus, we said, 'How can we do coitus interruptus without asking Allah's Messenger while he is present among us?' We asked (him) about it and he said, 'It is better for you not to do so. There is no person that is destined to exist, but will come to existence, till the Day of Resurrection.'"" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 4138)

 

"Narrated Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri: We got female captives in the war booty and we used to do coitus interruptus with them. So we asked Allah's Messenger about it and he said, "Do you really do that?" repeating the question thrice, "There is no soul that is destined to exist but will come into existence, till the Day of Resurrection."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 5210)

 

"It was narrated from Ibn Muhairiz that he said: "Abu Sirmah and I entered upon Abu Sa'eed Al-khudri, and Abu Sirmah asked him: 'Did you hear the Messenger of Allah speak about 'Azl?' He said: 'Yes. We went on a campaign with the Messenger of Allah to Banu Al-Mustaliq, and we captured some noble Arab women. We had been away from our wives for too long, but we also wanted the ransom, so we wanted to have intercourse with them then withdraw (coitus interruptus). Then we said: "How could we do this when the Messenger of Allah is among us, and we have not asked him?" So we asked the Messenger of Allah and he said: It does not matter if you do not do it, for Allah has not decreed that any soul will exist, until the Day of Resurrection, but it will come into being."" (Sahih Muslim 3544)

 

"It was narrated from Abu Sa'eed Al-khudri that on the Day of Hunain, the Messenger of Allah sent an army to Awtas, where they met the enemy, fought them and prevailed over them. They captured some female prisoners, and it was as if the Companions of the Messenger of Allah felt reluctant to have intercourse with them because of their idolator husbands. Then Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, revealed:

"Also (forbidden are) women already married, except those (slaves) whom your right hands possess", meaning, they are permissible for you once their 'Iddah has ended." (Sahih Muslim 3608)

"Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri narrated that on the Day of Hunain the Prophet of Allah sent out a party... a Hadith like that of Yazid bin Zuray', (no. 3608) except that he said: "Except those whom your right hands possess" for they are permissible for you. And he did not mention: "When their 'Iddah is over."" (Sahih Muslim 3609)

"Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri narrated that the Messenger of Allah sent an expedition to Awtas on the Day of Hunain, and they met the enemy, fought them, and won the battle. They captured some slaves, but some of the Companions of the Messenger of Allah felt uncomfortable in having relations with them because of their pagan husbands. At this, Allah revealed: "And chaste, free women, except for those whom your right hand possesses..." meaning that they are allowed for you after their waiting periods have finished." (Sahih) (Sunan Abu Dawud 2155)

"Ibn Muhairiz narrated: "I entered the Masjid and saw Abu Sa'eed Al-Khudri sitting there, so I sat next to him and asked him about 'Azl. He said: 'We went with the Messenger of Allah on the expedition of Banu Mustaliq, and captured some Arab slaves. And we desired women, for being single had become difficult for us. And we also desired to ransom (these slaves), so we wished to practice Azl. Then we said (to ourselves): "Will we do this while the Messenger of Allah is in our midst without having asked him first?" So we asked him about it, and he said: "There will be no harm upon you if you don't do it. There is no soul that will be created until the Day of Judgment except that it shall be created."" (Sahih) (Sunan Abu Dawud 2172)


 

 

He compared women to land, where men can come whenever they like to sow their seeds: Surah 2:223; Jami At-Tirmidhi 2980 (Dar-us-Salam Reference).

 

"Your women are a tillage for you; so come unto your tillage as you wish, and forward for your souls; and fear God, and know that you shall meet Him. Give thou good tidings to the believers." (Surah 2:223. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Your women are a tilth for you (to cultivate) so go to your tilth as ye will, and send (good deeds) before you for your souls, and fear Allah, and know that ye will (one day) meet Him. Give glad tidings to believers, (O Muhammad)." (Surah 2:223. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Ibn 'Abbas narrated: "Umar came to the Messenger of Allah and said: 'O Messenger of Allah! I am ruined!' He said: 'Why are you ruined?' He said: 'I turned my mount during the night.'" He said: "So the Messenger of Allah did not say anything in reply to him. Then Allah revealed this Ayah to the Messenger of Allah: 'Your wives are a tilth for you, so go to your tilth when or how you will. From the front, the back, avoiding the anus, and menstuation."" (Hasan) (Jami At-Tirmidhi 2980)

He said women were an evil omen: Sahih Al-Bukhari 52:110 (2858), 52:111 (2859), 62:30 (5093), 62:31 (5094), 62:32 (5095).

 

"Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar: I heard the Prophet saying, "Evil omen is in three things: The horse, the woman and the house."'" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 2858)

 

"Narrated Sahl bin Sa'd As-Sa'idi: Allah's Messenger said "If there is any evil omen in anything, then it is in the woman, the horse and the house."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 2859)

 

"Narrated 'Abdullah bin 'Umar: Allah's Messenger said, "There is an evil omen in a woman, a house and a horse."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 5093)

 

"Narrated Ibn 'Umar: Evil omen was mentioned before the Prophet. The Prophet said, "If there is evil omen in anything, it is in a house, a woman and a horse."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 5094)

 

"Narrated Sahl bin Sa'd: Allah's Messenger said, "If at all there is evil omen, it is in a horse, a woman and a house."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 5095)

 

 

 

 

He said women were a harmful thing to men: Sahih Al-Bukhari 62:33 (5096).

 

"Narrated Usama bin Zaid: The Prophet said, "After me I have not left any Fitnah (trial and affliction) more harmful to men than women."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 5096)

 

 

 

 

He said women are crooked: Sahih Al-Bukhari 62:113 (5184); Sahih Muslim 8:3466 (3650), 8:3467 (3643).

 

"Narrated Abu Hurairah: Allah's Messenger said, "The woman is like a rib; if you try to straighten her, you will break her. So if you want to get benefit from her, do so while she still has some crookedness."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 5184)

 

"It was narrated that Abü Hurairah said: "The Messenger of Allah said: 'Woman is like a rib. If you try to straighten her you will break her, but if you leave her alone you will benefit from her even though there is some crookedness in her.'"" (Sahih Muslim 3650)

 

"It was narrated that Aba Hurairah said: "The Messenger of Allah said: 'Woman was created from a rib, it will never become straight for you in any way. If you wish to benefit from her then you may benefit from her, along with her crookedness, but if you try to straighten her you will break her, and breaking her is divorcing her."" (Sahih Muslim 3643)

 

 

 

 

He said bad luck can be found in women: Al-Adab al-Mufrad al-Bukhari Hadith 916 (English Translation).

 

"'Abdullah ibn 'Umar reported that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, "Bad luck can be found in houses, women and horses."" (Al-Adab al-Mufrad al-Bukhari Hadith 916. English Translation)

 

 

 

 

He said women annul prayers along with dogs and donkeys: Sahih Al-Bukhari 9:490 (511); Sahih Muslim 4:1032 (1137).

 

"Narrated 'Aishah: The things which annul As-Salat (the prayers) were mentioned before me. They said, "Prayer is annuled by a dog, a donkey and a woman (if they pass in front of the praying people)." I said, "You have made us (i.e., women) dogs. I saw the Prophet offering Salat (prayers) while I used to lie in my bed between him and the Qiblah. Whenever I was in need of something, I would slip away, for I disliked to face him."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 511)

 

"It was narrated from 'Abdullah bin As-Samit, from Abu Dharr,  who said: "The Messenger of Allah said: 'When one of you stands to offer prayer, he will be screened if he has something in front of him that is like the back of a saddle. If he does not have something in front of him that is like the back of a saddle, then his prayer will be interrupted if a donkey, a woman or a black dog passes in front of him."

I said: "O Abu Dharr!  What is the difference between a black dog, and a red or yellow dog?" He said: "O son of my brother, I asked the Messenger of Allah the same question and he said: 'The black dog is a devil."" (Sahih Muslim 1137)

 

 

 

 

He said a woman should not arrange her own marriage and that an adulteress is the one who arranges her own marriage: Sunan Ibn Majah 1882 (Dar-us-Salam Reference).

 

"It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah said: "No woman should arrange the marriage of another woman, and no woman should arrange her own marriage. The adulteress is the one who arranges her own marriage."" (Sahih) (Sunan Ibn Majah 1882)

 

 

 

 

He said a woman's marriage must be arranged by a male guardian: Sunan Ibn Majah 1879, 1880, 1881, 1882 (Dar-us-Salam Reference).

 

"It was narrated from 'Aishah that the Messenger of Allah said: "Any woman whose marriage is not arranged by her guardian, her marriage is invalid, her marriage is invalid, her marriage is invalid. If (the man) has had intercourse with her, then the Mahr belongs to her in return for his intimacy with her. And if there is any dispute then the ruler is the guardian of the one who does not have a guardian."" (Sahih) (Sunan Ibn Majah 1879)

 

"It was narrated that 'Aisha and Ibn' Abbas said: “The Messenger of Allah said: 'There is no marriage except with a guardian.'"

   According to the Hadith of 'Aishah: "And the ruler is the guardian of the one who does not have a guardian."" (Sahih) (Sunan Ibn Majah 1880)

 

"It was narrated from Abu Musa that the Messenger of Allah said: "There is no marriage except with a guardian."" (Sahih) (Sunan Ibn Majah 1881)

 

"It was narrated from Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allah said: "No woman should arrange the marriage of another woman, and no woman should arrange her own marriage. The adulteress is the one who arranges her own marriage."" (Sahih) (Sunan Ibn Majah 1882)

 

 

 

 

He said a woman's marriage is invalid if it was not arranged by a male guardian: Sunan Ibn Majah 1879 (Dar-us-Salam Reference).

 

"It was narrated from 'Aishah that the Messenger of Allah said: "Any woman whose marriage is not arranged by her guardian, her marriage is invalid, her marriage is invalid, her marriage is invalid. If (the man) has had intercourse with her, then the Mahr belongs to her in return for his intimacy with her. And if there is any dispute then the ruler is the guardian of the one who does not have a guardian."" (Sahih) (Sunan Ibn Majah 1879)

 

 

 

 

He said a woman cannot travel without her male guardian or relative: Sahih Al-Bukhari 52:250 (3006).

 

"Narrated Ibn 'Abbas that he heard the Prophet saying, "It is not permissible for a man to be alone with a woman, and no lady should travel except with a Mahram (i.e., her husband or a person whom she cannot many in any case forever; e.g., her father, brother, etc.) ." Then a man got up and said, "O Allah's Messenger! I have been enlisted in the army for such and such Ghazwa and my wife is proceeding for hajj." Allah's Messenger said, "Go, and perform the Hajj with your wife."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 3006)

 

 

 

 

He said women cannot be alone with non-related males: Sahih Al-Bukhari 52:250 (3006).

 

"Narrated Ibn 'Abbas that he heard the Prophet saying, "It is not permissible for a man to be alone with a woman, and no lady should travel except with a Mahram (i.e., her husband or a person whom she cannot many in any case forever; e.g., her father, brother, etc.) ." Then a man got up and said, "O Allah's Messenger! I have been enlisted in the army for such and such Ghazwa and my wife is proceeding for hajj." Allah's Messenger said, "Go, and perform the Hajj with your wife."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 3006)

 

 

 

 

He was viewed as a womanizer: al-Tabari, Volume IX, page 139.

 

"The [above] is reported on the authority of al-Kalbi--Abu Salih--Ibn 'Abbas. With the same chain of authority [it is re-ported] that Layla bt. al-Khaplm b. 'Adi b. 'Amr b. Sawad b. Zafar b. al-Harith b. al-Khazraj approached the Prophet while his back was to the sun, and clapped him on his shoulder. He asked who it was, and she replied, "I am the daughter of one who competes with the wind. I am Layla bt. al-Khatim. I have come to offer myself [in marriage] to you, so marry me." He replied, "I accept." She went back to her people and said that the Messenger of God had married her. They said, "What a bad thing you have done! You are a self-respecting woman, but the Prophet is a womanizer. Seek an annulment from him." She went back to the Prophet and asked him to revoke the marriage and he complied with [her request]. [It is reported] without the above chain of authorities that the Prophet married 'Amrah bt. Yazid, a woman of the Banu Ru'as b. Kilab." (al-Tabari, Volume IX, page 139)

 

 

 

 

He would go to prayer with water spots visible on his clothes from where his child bride, Aisha, would clean off his semen stains: Sahih Al-Bukhari 4:229 (229), 231 (230), 232 (231), 233 (232).

 

"Narrated 'Aishah: I used to wash the traces of Janaba (semen) from the clothes of the Prophet it and he used to go for Salat (prayers) while traces of water were still on it (water spots were still visible)." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 229)

 

"Narrated Sulaiman bin Yasar: I asked 'Aishah about the clothes soiled with semen. She replied, "I used to wash it off the clothes of Allah's Messenger and he would go for the Salat (prayer) while water spots were still visible."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 230)

 

"Narrated 'Amr bin Maimun: I heard Sulaiman bin Yasar talking about the clothes soiled with semen. He said: 'Aishah said, "I used to wash it off the clothes of Allah's Messenger and he would go for the Salat (prayers) while water spots were still visible on them."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 231)

 

"Narrated 'Aishah: I used to wash the semen off the clothes of the Prophet and even then I used to notice one or more spots on them." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 232)

 

 

 

 

He owned sex slaves: Surah 33:50.

 

"O Prophet, We have made lawful for thee thy wives whom thou hast given their wages and what thy right hand owns, spoils of war that God has given thee, and the daughters of thy uncles paternal and aunts paternal, thy uncles maternal and aunts maternal, who have emigrated with thee, and any woman believer, if she give herself to the Prophet and if the Prophet desire to take her in marriage, for thee exclusively, apart from the believers -- We know what We have imposed upon them touching their wives and what their right hands own -- that there may be no fault in thee; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate." (Surah 33:50. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"O Prophet! Lo! We have made lawful unto thee thy wives unto whom thou hast paid their dowries, and those whom thy right hand possesseth of those whom Allah hath given thee as spoils of war, and the daughters of thine uncle on the father's side and the daughters of thine aunts on the father's side, and the daughters of thine uncle on the mother's side and the daughters of thine aunts on the mother's side who emigrated with thee, and a believing woman if she give herself unto the Prophet and the Prophet desire to ask her in marriage - a privilege for thee only, not for the (rest of) believers - We are Aware of that which We enjoined upon them concerning their wives and those whom their right hands possess - that thou mayst be free from blame, for Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful." (Surah 33:50. Translation by Pickthall)

 

 

 

 

He had sex with a female slave, which resulted in his wives Aisha and Hafsah pressuring him to stop. However, Muhammad had a "revelation" saying he could have sex with the female slave: Surah 66:1; Sunan An-Nasa'i 3411 (Dar-us-Salam Reference); Tafsir Al-Jalalayn on Surah 66:1.

 

"O Prophet, why forbiddest thou what God has made lawful to thee, seeking the good pleasure of thy wives? And God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate." (Surah 66:1. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"O Prophet! Why bannest thou that which Allah hath made lawful for thee, seeking to please thy wives? And Allah is Forgiving, Merciful." (Surah 66:1. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"It was narrated from Anas, that the Messenger of Allah had a female slave with whom he had intercourse, but 'Aishah and Hafsah would not leave him alone until he said that she was forbidden for him. Then Allah, the Mighty and Sublime, revealed: "O Prophet! Why do you forbid (for yourself) that which Allah has allowed to you until the end of the Verse." (Sahih) (Sunan an-Nasa'i 3411)

 

""O Prophet! Why do you prohibit what God has made lawful for you, in terms of your Coptic handmaiden Māriya - when he lay with her in the house of Hafsa, who had been away, but who upon returning [and finding out] became upset by the fact that this had taken place in her own house and on her own bed - by saying, ‘She is unlawful for me!’, seeking, by making her unlawful [for you], to please your wives? And God is Forgiving, Merciful, having forgiven you this prohibition."" (Tafsir Al-Jalalayn on Surah 66:1)

 

 

 

 

He impregnated one of his slave girls: Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 653.

 

"Then the apostle divided his companions and sent Salit b. 'Amr b. 'Abdu Shams b. 'Abdu Wudd, brother of B. 'Amir b. Lu'ayy, to Haudha b. 'AIi ruler of al-Yamama; al-'Ala' b. al-Hadrami to al-Mundhir b. Sawa, brother of B. 'Abdu'l-Qays, ruler of al-Bahrayn; 'Amr b. al-'As to Jayfar b. Julanda and 'Abbad his brother the Asdis, rulers of 'Uman; Hatib b. Abu Balta'a to the Muqauqis ruler of Alexandria. He handed over to him the apostle's letter and the Muqauqis gave to the apostle four slave girls, one of whom was Mary mother of Ibrahim the apostle's son." (Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 653)

 

 

 

 

He took women and children as captives: Sahih Al-Bukhari 14:68 (947), 46:717 (2541).

 

"Narrated Anas bin Malik: Allah's Messenger offered the Fajr prayer when it was still dark, then he rode and said, Allahu Akbar! Khaibar is ruined. When we approach near a nation, the most evil will be the morning of those who had been warned." The people came out into the streets saying, "Muhammad and his army." Allah's Messenger vanquished them by force and their warriors were killed; the children and women were taken as captives. Safiya was taken by Dihya Al-Kalbi and later she belonged to Allah's Messenger who married her and her Mahr was her manumission." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 947)

 

"Narrated Ibn 'Aun: I wrote a letter to Nafi', and Nafi' wrote in reply to my letter that the Prophet had (suddenly) attacked Bani Mustaliq (without warning while they were heedless) and their cattle were being watered at the places of water. Their fighting men were killed and their women and children were taken as captives; the Prophet got Juwairiya on that day. Nafi' said that Ibn 'Umar had told him the above narration and that Ibn 'Umar was in that army." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 2541)

 

 

 

 

He sold women and children for weapons and horses: Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 466; Al-Wāqidī's Kitāb al-maghāzī, page 257.

 

"Then the apostle sent Sa'd b. Zayd al-Ansari brother of b. 'Abdu'l-Ashhal with some of the captive women of B. Qurayza to Najd and he sold them for horses and weapons." (Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 466)

 

"Ibn Abi Sabra related to me from Ya'qub b. Zayd b. Talha from his father, who said: When the Banu Qurayza - the women and children- were imprisoned, the Messenger of God sold a portion of them to 'Uthman b. 'Affan and 'Abd al-Rahman b. Awf. He sent a portion to Najd and another to Syria with Sa'd b. 'Ubada to sell them and purchase weapons and horses." (Al-Wāqidī's Kitāb al-maghāzī, page 257)

 

 

 

 

He told one of his wives who had freed her slave girl that she would have received a greater heavenly reward if she had given her slave to her uncle instead of freeing her: Sahih Al-Bukhari 47:765 (2592).

 

"Narrated Kuraib, the freed slave of Ibn 'Abbas, that Maimuna bint Al-Harith (the wife of the Prophet) said that she manumitted a slave-girl but did not take the permission of the Prophet. On her turn when the (Prophet) came to her house she said, "Do you know O Allah's Messenger, that I have manumitted my slavegirl?" He asked, "Have you (already) done it?" She replied, "Yes." The Prophet said, "You would have got more reward if you had given her (i.e., the slave-girl) to one of your maternal uncles."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 2592)

 

 

 

 

He said women are required to cover themselves with a veil. When he said this, Muhammad's wife and the other Muslim women understood this to mean they had to cover their faces and head: Surah 24:31; Sahih Al-Bukhari 60:281 (4758), 60:282 (4759).

 

"And say to the believing women, that they cast down their eyes' and guard their private parts, and reveal not their adornment save such as is outward; and let them cast their veils over their bosoms, and not reveal their adornment save to their husbands, or their fathers, or their husbands' fathers, or their sons, or their husbands' sons, or their brothers, or their brothers' sons, or their sisters' sons, or their women, or what their right hands own, or such men as attend them, not having sexual desire, or children who have not yet attained knowledge of women's private parts; nor let them stamp their feet, so that their hidden ornament may be known. And turn all together to God, O you believers; haply so you will prosper." (Surah 24:31. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"And tell the believing women to lower their gaze and be modest, and to display of their adornment only that which is apparent, and to draw their veils over their bosoms, and not to reveal their adornment save to their own husbands or fathers or husbands' fathers, or their sons or their husbands' sons, or their brothers or their brothers' sons or sisters' sons, or their women, or their slaves, or male attendants who lack vigour, or children who know naught of women's nakedness. And let them not stamp their feet so as to reveal what they hide of their adornment. And turn unto Allah together, O believers, in order that ye may succeed." (Surah 24:31. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Narrated 'Aishah: May Allah bestow His Mercy on the early emigrant women. When Allah revealed:

     "... and to draw their veils all over their Juyubihinna (i.e., their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms)..." (V.24:31) they tore their Murut (woolen dresses or waist-binding clothes or aprons etc.) and covered their heads and faces with those torn Muruts." (Sahih Al-Bukhari 4758)

 

"Narrated Safiyya bint Shaiba: 'Aishah used to say: "When (the Verse): '... and to draw their veils all over their Juhubihinna (i.e., their bodies, faces, necks and bosoms, etc.)...' (V.24:31) was revealed, (the ladies) cut their waist-sheets from their margins and covered their heads and faces with those cut pieces of cloth."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 4759)

 

 

 

 

In order to remove the temptation of sex between an unmarried couple, Muhammad told a woman (named Sahla bint Suhail) to put her breasts into the man's mouth (named Salim) and breastfeed him, which would then, according to Muhammad, technically make the man the foster child of the woman: Sahih Muslim 8:3424 (3600), 3425 (3601), 3426 (3602), 3427 (3603), 3428 (3604).

"It was narrated that 'Aishah said: "Sahlah bint Suhail came to the Prophet and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, I see (signs of displeasure) on the face of Abu Hudhaifah when Salim - who was his ally - comes in. The Prophet said: 'Breastfeed him.' She said: 'How can I breastfeed him? He is a grown man.' The Messenger of Allah smiled and said: 'I know that he is a grown man.'"

    'Amr added in his HadIth: "He was one of those who had been present at Badr." In the report of Ibn Abi 'Umar: "The Messenger of Allah laughed."" (Sahih Muslim 3600)

 

"It was narrated from 'Aishah that Salim, the freed slave of Abu Hudhaifah, was with Abu Hudhaifah and his family in their house. She - meaning the daughter of Suhail (ans wife od Abu Hudhaifah)- came to the Prophet and said: "Salim has attained what men attain (puberty) and he understands what they understand. He enters upon us and I think that Abu Hudhaifah feels some (discomfort) in his heart because of that." The Prophet said to her: "Breastfeed him and he will be unlawful for you, and what Abu Hudhaifah feels in his heart will disappear." She came back to him and said: "I breastfed him, and what Abu Hudhaifah felt in his heart has disappeared."" (Sahih Muslim 3601)

 

"It was narrated from 'Aishah that Sahlah bint Suhail bin 'Amr came to the Prophet and said: "O Messenger of Allah, Salim - meaning Salim, the freed slave of Abu Hudhaifah - is with us in our house, and he has attained what men attain and knows what men know." He said: "Breastfeed him and he will be unlawful for you." He (Ibn Abi Mulaikah, a narrator) said: "For a year or so I did not narrate this out of fear, then I met Al-Qasim and said to him: 'You told me a Hadith that I have not narrated yet.' He said: 'What is it?' And I told him. He said: 'Narrate from me that 'Aishah told me that.'"" (Sahih Muslim 3602)

 

"It was narrated that Zainab hint Umm Salamah said: Umm Salamah said to Aishah: 'There enters upon you a slave boy who is close to puberty, and I would not like him to enter upon me. 'Aihah said: Do you not have a good example in the Messenger of Allah She said: The wife of Abu Hudhaifah said: "O Messenger of Allah, Salim enters upon me and he is a man, and there is some (discomfort) in the heart of Abu Hudhaifah about that." The Messenger of Allah A said: "Breastfeed him so that he may enter upon you."" (Sahih Muslim 3603)

 

"Zainab bint Abi Salamah said: I heard Umm Salamah, the wife of the Prophet say to 'Aishah: By Allah, I do not like a boy who has passed the age of breastfeeding to see me. She said: Why? Sahlah hint Sa'd came to the Messenger of Allah and said: "O Messenger of Allah, by Allah, I see some (discomfort) in the face of Abu Hudhaifah when Salim comes in." The Messenger of Allah said: "Breastfeed him." She said: "He has a beard." He said: "Breastfeed him, and that which is in the face of Abu Hudhaifah will disappear." She said: "By Allah, I did not see it in the face of Abu Hudhaifah (after that)."" (Sahih Muslim 3604)

 

 

 

 

He gave his men a loophole to engage in prostitution & adultery by allowing them to have "temporary marriages" (called "nikah mut'ah") so they could satisfy their sexual desires when they were away from their wives: Surah 4:24, 5:87 (the context for Surah 5:87 is found in Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim); Sahih Al-Bukhari 60:139 (4615), 62:13 (5075); Sahih Muslim 8:3243 (3410).

 

"Forbidden to you are your mothers and daughters, your sisters, your aunts paternal and maternal, your brother's daughters, your sister's daughters, your mothers who have given suck to you, your suckling sisters, your wives' mothers, your stepdaughters who are in your care being born of your wives you have been in to -- but if you have not yet been in to them it is no fault in you - and the spouses of your sons who are of your loins, and that you should take to you two sisters together, unless it be a thing of the past; God is All-forgiving, All-compassionate; and wedded women, save what your right hands own. So God prescribes for you. Lawful for you, beyond all that, is that you may seek, using your wealth, in wedlock and not in licence. Such wives as you enjoy thereby, give them their wages apportionate; it is no fault in you in your agreeing together, after the due apportionate. God is All-knowing, All-wise." (Surah 4:23-24. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"Forbidden unto you are your mothers, and your daughters, and your sisters, and your father's sisters, and your mother's sisters, and your brother's daughters and your sister's daughters, and your foster-mothers, and your foster-sisters, and your mothers-in-law, and your step-daughters who are under your protection (born) of your women unto whom ye have gone in - but if ye have not gone in unto them, then it is no sin for you (to marry their daughters) - and the wives of your sons who (spring) from your own loins. And (it is forbidden unto you) that ye should have two sisters together, except what hath already happened (of that nature) in the past. Lo! Allah is ever Forgiving, Merciful. And all married women (are forbidden unto you) save those (captives) whom your right hands possess. It is a decree of Allah for you. Lawful unto you are all beyond those mentioned, so that ye seek them with your wealth in honest wedlock, not debauchery. And those of whom ye seek content (by marrying them), give unto them their portions as a duty. And there is no sin for you in what ye do by mutual agreement after the duty (hath been done). Lo! Allah is ever Knower, Wise." (Surah 4:23-24. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"O believers, forbid not such good things as God has permitted you; and transgress not; God loves not transgressors." (Surah 5:87. Translation by A. J. Arberry)

 

"O ye who believe! Forbid not the good things which Allah hath made lawful for you, and transgress not, Lo! Allah loveth not transgressors." (Surah 5:87. Translation by Pickthall)

 

"Narrated 'Abdullah: We used to participate in the holy fighting carried on by the Prophet and we had no women (wives) with us. So we said (to the Prophet), "Shall we castrate ourselves?" But the Prophet forbade us to do that and thenceforth he allowed us to marry a woman (temporarily) by giving her even a garment (as Mahr), and then he recited:

    "'O you who believe! Make not unlawful the Tayyibat (all that is good as regards foods, things, deeds, beliefs, persons) which Allah has made lawful for you...'"" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 4615)

 

"Narrated 'Abdullah: We used to participate in the holy battles led by Allah's Messenger and we had nothing (no wives) with us. So we said, "Shall we get ourselves castrated?" He forbade us that and then allowed us to marry a woman temporarily by giving her even a garment and then he recited to us:

    'O you who believe! Make not unlawful the Tayyibat (all that is good as regards foods, things, deeds, beliefs, persons etc.) which Allah has made lawful to you.'" (Sahih Al- Bukhari 5075)

 

"'Abdullah said: "We were on a campaign with the Messenger of Allah, and we had no women with us. We said: 'Why don't we get ourselves castrated?' But he forbade us to do that, then he granted us a concession allowing us to marry women in return for a garment, for a set period of time." Then 'Abdullah recited the verse: "O you who believe! Make not unlawful the Tayyibat (all that is good as regards foods, things, deeds, beliefs, persons) which Allah has made lawful to you, and transgress not. Verily, Allah does not like the transgressors."" (Sahih Muslim 3410)

 

 

 

 

His followers cruelly killed an old woman named Umm Qirfa by tying her legs to two different camels and tearing her apart: al-Tabari, Volume VIII, page 96; Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 665.

 

"In this year a raiding party led by Zayd b. Harithah set out against Umm Qirfah in the month of Ramadan. During it, Umm Qirfah (Fatimah bt. Rabi'ah b. Badr) suffered a cruel death. He tied her legs with rope and then tied her between two camels until they split her in two. She was a very old woman." (al-Tabari, Volume VIII, pages 95-96)

 

"When Zayd came he swore that he would use no ablution until he raided B. Fazara; and when he recovered from his wounds the apostle sent him against them with a force. He fought (T. he met) them in Wadi'l-Qura and killed some of them. Qays b. al-Musahhar al-Ya'muri killed Mas'ada b. Hakama b. Malik b. Hudhayfa b. Badr, and Umm Qirfa Fatima d. Rabi'a b. Badr was taken prisoner. She was a very old woman, wife of Malik. Her daughter and 'Abdullah b. Mas'ada were also taken. Zayd ordered Qays b. al-Musahhar to kill Umm Qirfa and he killed her cruelly (T. by putting a rope to her two legs and to two camels and driving them until they rent her in two)." (Ibn Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, page 665)

 

 

 

 

He said a nation will never succeed that makes a woman their ruler: Sahih Al-Bukhari 88:219 (7099).

 

"Narrated Abu Bakra: During the battle of Al-Jamal, Allah benefited me with a Word (I heard from the Prophet). When the Prophet heard the news that the people of the Persia had made the daughter of Khosrau their queen (ruler), he said, "Never will succeed such a nation as makes a woman their ruler."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 7099)

 

 

 

 

He told a man to throw sand in the mouths of crying women who lost their husbands: Sahih Muslim 4:2034 (2161).

 

"Amrah narrated that she heard 'Aishah say: "When news of the killing of Zaid bin Harithah, Ja'far bin Abi Talib and 'Abdullah bin Rawahah reached the Messenger of Allah, the Messenger of Allah sat down and grief could be seen in his face. She said: "I was watching through the crack of the door and a man came to him and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, the womenfolk of Ja'far...' and he mentioned their crying. He told him to go and tell them not to do that. So he went, then he came back and told him that they had paid him no heed. He told him a second time to go and tell them not to do that, and he went, then he came back and said: 'By Allah, they will not listen to us, O Messenger of Allah." And she said that the Messenger of Allah said: "Go and throw sand in their mouths." 'Aishah said: "I said: 'May Allah rub your nose in the dust, you did not do what the Messenger of Allah commanded you, and you did not stop annoying the Messenger of Allah."" (Sahih Muslim 2161)

 

 

 

 

He said to not lash your wife like you lash your slave because you might have sex with her later that evening (but it is okay to lash her!): Sahih Al-Bukhari 60:466 (4942).

 

"Narrated 'Abdullah bin Zam'a that he heard the Prophet delivering a Khutba (religious talk), and he mentioned the she-camel and the one who killed it. Allah's Messenger recited:

       "When the most wicked man among them went forth (to kill the she-camel) ." (V.91:12)

        Then he said, "A tough man whose equal was rare and who enjoyed the protection of his people, like Abi Zam'a, went forth to (kill) it." The Prophet then mentioned about women (in his Khutba) and said, "It is not wise for anyone of you to lash his wife like a slave, for he might sleep with her the same evening." Then he advised them not to laugh when somebody breaks wind, and said, "Why should anybody laugh at what he himself does?"" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 4942)

 

 

 

 

He said a woman's rights over her husband is that she not be hit in the face by him: Sunan Abu Dawud 11:2137 (2142).

 

"It was reported from Hakim bin Mu'awiyah Al-Qushairi, from his father, that he asked: "O Messenger of Allah! What are the rights that our wives have over us?" He replied: "That you feed her when you eat, and clothe her when you wear clothes, and that you avoid hitting her in the face, or disgracing her, and that you avoid abandoning her except at home."" (Sahih) (Sunan Abu Dawud 2142)

 

 

 

 

He told a man to not marry a woman because she was unable to give birth, but instead to marry a woman who is fertile (so according to Muhammad, apparently infertile women should have no hope of marriage): Sunan Abu Dawud 11:2045 (2050 (A)).

 

"It was reported from Mustalim bin Sa'eed the son of the sister of Mansur bin Zadhan, from Mansur, meaning Ibn Zadhan, from Mu'awiyah bin Qurrah, from Ma'qal bin Yasar, who said: "A man came to the Prophet and said: 'I have encountered a woman of nobility and beauty, but she cannot give birth. Should I marry her?' He said: 'No.' The man then came to him a second time, but he prohibited him. He then came for the third time, and the Prophet said: 'Marry loving women who give birth, for I will compete with you against other nations."" (Hasan) (Sunan Abu Dawud 2050 (A))

 

 

 

 

He said if a woman spends the night forsaking her husband's bed, angels will curse her until morning: Sahih Muslim 8:3366 (3538), 8:3368 (3541).

 

"It was narrated from Abu Zuhrah that the Prophet said: "If a woman spends the night forsaking her husband's bed, the Angels will curse her until morning."" (Sahih Muslim 3538)

 

"It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: "The Messenger of Allah said: 'If a man calls his wife to his bed and she does not come to him, and he spends the night angry with her, the Angels will curse her until morning."" (Sahih Muslim 3541)

 

 

 

 

He said if a man wants to have sex with his wife and she refuses, Allah will be displeased with her until she sexually satisfies his desire: Sahih Muslim 8:3367 (3540).

 

"It was narrated that Abu Hurairah said: "The Messenger of Allah said: 'By the One in Whose Hand is my soul, there is no man who calls his wife to his bed and she refuses, but the One Who is in heaven will be angry with her, until he is pleased with her."" (Sahih Muslim 3540)

 

 

 

 

After a man raped a slave girl, Muhammad said he was entitled to it: Sahih Al-Bukhari 59:637 (4350).

 

"Narrated Buraida: The Prophet sent 'Ali to Khalid to bring the Khumus (of the booty) and I hated 'Ali, and 'Aul had taken a bath (after a sexual act with a slave-girl from the Khumus). I said to Khalld, "Don't you see this (i.e., 'Ali)?" When we reached the Prophet I mentioned that to him. He said, "O Buraida! Do you hate 'Ali?" I said, "Yes." He said, "Don't hate him, for he deserves more than that from the Khumus."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 4350)

 

 

 

 

A man named Dihyah asked Muhammad for a slave girl, so Muhammad told him to pick one out. After Muhammad found out how pretty she was, he told Dihyah to take another slave girl and then he married her himself: Sunan Abu Dawud 2998 (Dar-us-Salam Reference).

 

"It was narrated that Anas said: "The captives were gathered, meaning at Khaibar, and Dihyah came, and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, give me a slave woman from among the captives.' He said: 'Go and take a slave woman." He took Safiyyah the daughter of Huyayy. A man came to the Prophet and said: 'O Messenger of Allah, did you give Dihyah' — Ya'qub (one of the narrators) said: 'Safiyyah the daughter of Huyayy' — 'the lady of Quraizah and An-Nadir?' Then the two of them (narrators) were in accord: 'She is not worthy for anyone but you.' He said; 'Call him and tell him to bring her.' When the Prophet saw her, he said to him: 'Take another slave woman from among the captives.' And the Prophet freed her, and married her."" (Sahih) (Sunan Abu Dawud 2998)

 

 

 

 

After watching his wives Aisha and Zainab bint Jahsh get into an argument, instead of addressing the problem, he smiled (Sahih Muslim 31:5984) and made a cute little remark about her (Aisha) being the daughter of Abu Bakr: Sahih Al-Bukhari 47:755 (2581); Sahih Muslim 31:5984 (6290).

 

"Narrated 'Urwa that 'Aishah i said: The wives of Allah's Messenger were in two groups." 'Urwa added: One group consisted of 'Aishah, Hafsa, Safiyya and Sauda; and the other group consisted of Umm Salama and the other wives of Allah's Messenger. The Muslims knew that Allah's Messenger loved 'Aishah, so if any of them had a gift and wished to give to Allah's Messenger, he would delay it till Allah's Messenger had come to 'Aishah's home and then he would send his gift to Allah's Messenger in her home. The group of Umm Salama discussed the matter together and decided that Umm Salama should request Allah's Messenger to tell the people to send their gifts to him in whatever wife's house he was. Umm Salama told Allah's Messenger of what they had said, but he did not reply. Then they (those wives) asked Umm Salama about it. She said, "He did not say anything to me." They asked her to talk to him again. She talked to him again when she met him on her day, but he gave no reply. When they asked her, she replied that he had given no reply. They said to her, "Talk to him till he gives you a reply." When it was her turn, she talked to him again. He then said to her, "Do not hurt me regarding 'Aishah, as the Divine Revelations do not come to me on any of the beds except that of 'Aishah." On that Umm Salama said, "I repent to Allah for hurting you." Then the group of Umm Salama called Fatima, the daughter of Allah's Messenger and sent her to Allah's Messenger to say to him, "Your wives request to treat them and the daughter of Abu Bakr on equal terms." Then Fatima conveyed the message to him. The Prophet said, "O my daughter! Don't you love whom I love?" She replied in the affirmative and returned and told them of the situation. They requested her to go to him again, but she refused. They then sent Zainab bint Jahsh who went to him and used harsh words saying, "Your wives request you to treat them and the daughter of Ibn Abu Qulafa on equal terms." On that she raised her voice and turned to 'Aishah who was sitting and insulted her so much so that Allah's Messenger it looked at 'Aishah to see whether she would retort. 'Aishah started replying to Zainab till she silenced her. The Prophet then looked at 'Aishah and said, "She is really the daughter of Abu Bakr."" (Sahih Al-Bukhari 2581)

 

"Aishah, the wife of the Prophet, said: "The wives of the Prophet sent Fatimah the daughter of the Messenger of Allah to the Messenger of Allah. She asked permission to enter when he was lying down with me under my cover, and he gave her permission. She said: 'O Messenger of Allah, your wives have sent me to you to ask you to be just with regard to the daughter of Abu Quhafah.' I ('Aishah) kept quiet. The Messenger of Allah said to her: 'O my daughter, do you not love that which I love?' She said: 'Yes.' He said: 'Then love this one.' Fatimah got up when she heard that from the Messenger of Allah, and she went back to the wives of the Messenger of Allah and told them what she had said, and what the Messenger of Allah had said to her. They said to her: 'You have been of no avail for us. Go back to the Messenger of Allah and say to him: "Your wives urge you to be just with regard to the daughter of Abu Quhafah." Fatimah said: 'By Allah, I will never speak to him about her." 'Aishah said: "The wives of the Prophet sent Zainab bint Jahsh, the wife of the Prophet, who was the one who was the closest of them to me in status before the Messenger of Allah I have never seen any woman who was better in religious commitment than Zainab, more fearing of Allah, more truthful in speech, more keen to uphold family ties, more generous in giving charity, or more keen to draw close to Allah. But she was quick to lose her temper, although she would calm down as quickly. She asked permission to enter upon the Messenger of Allah when the Messenger of Allah was with 'Aishah beneath her cover, as he was when Fatimah had come in. The Messenger of Allah gave her permission and she said: 'O Messenger of Allah, your wives have sent me to you to ask you to be just with regard to the daughter of Abu Quhafah.' Then she showed harshness towards me and insulted me, and I was watching the Messenger of Allah to see if he would allow me to respond. This went on, until I realized that the Messenger of Allah would not object if I responded. When I started responding, I answered back to everything that she had said. And the Messenger of Allah said, smiling: 'She is the daughter of Abu Bakr."" (Sahih Muslim 6290)

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