Sīrāh and Maghazi

The Sirah (the biography of Muhammad) and Maghazi (the military campaigns of Muhammad) are important sources of information about the life of Muhammad. The ones used for this site are:


"Sirat Rasul Allah" by Ibn Ishāq. Ibn Ishāq lived c. AD 704-767, and his work "Sirat Rasul Allah" is one of the earliest biographies of Muhammad. The original text has not survived, but it has been preserved in a recension by Ibn Hishām.


The translation used is The Life of Muhammad: A Translation of Ishaq's Sirat Rasul Allah, translated by A. Guillaume, (Oxford, England: Oxford University Press, [Re-issued in Karachi, Pakistan, 1967, 13th impression, 1998] 1955).

"The History of al-Tabari" by Muslim Scholar Abū Jaʿfar Muḥammad ibn Jarīr al-Ṭabarī (who lived AD 839-923).


The translation used is The History of al-Tabari, translated by various scholars, (Albany, New York: Published by SUNY Press between 1985-1999).

"Kitāb al-maghāzī" by Muslim historian Al-Wāqidī, in full Abū ʿAbd Allāh Muḥammad ibn ʿUmar al-Wāqidī (who lived AD 747-823). This is a well-known work on the military campaigns (al-maghāzī) of Muhammad.


The translation used is Rizwi Faizer, The Life of Muhammad: Al-Wāqidī's Kitāb al-maghāzī (London; New York: Routledge, 2011).

Kitab Al-Tabaqat al-Kabir (Book of the Major Classes) by Muslim historian Ibn Sa’d (who died AD 844/845).

William Muir, The Life of Mahomet (London: Smith, Elder and Co., 1861).